Introduction Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) reflects the nutritional and immunologic status of the patients. The clinical application of PNI is already well-known in various kinds of solid tumors. However, there is no study investigating the relationship between PNI and oncological outcome of the resected ampulla of Vater (AoV) cancer. Materials and methods From January 2005 to December 2012, the medical records of patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for pathologically confirmed AoV cancer were retrospectively reviewed. Long-term oncological outcomes were compared according to the preoperative PNI value. Result A total of 118 patients were enrolled in this study. The preoperative PNI was 46.13±6.63, while the mean disease-free survival was 43.88 months and the mean disease-specific survival was 55.3 months. In the multivariate Cox analysis, initial CA19-9 (p = 0.0399), lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.0031), AJCC 8th N-stage (p = 0.0018), and preoperative PNI (p = 0.0081) were identified as significant prognostic factors for resected AoV cancer. The disease- specific survival was better in the high preoperative PNI group (.48.85: 40.77 months vs. >48.85: 68.05 months, p = 0.0015). A highly accurate nomogram was developed based on four clinical components to predict the 1, 3, and 5-year disease-specific survival probability (C-index 0.8169, 0.8426, and 0.8233, respectively). Conclusion In resected AoV cancer, preoperative PNI can play a significant role as an independent prognostic factor for predicting disease-specific survival.
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© 2020 Yoo et al.
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