Proton conducting crosslinked complex membranes were prepared by blending of a cationic polyelectrolyte, i.e. chitosan (CS) and an anionic polyelectrolyte, i.e. poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) (PSSA-MA). In particular, the dual function of PSSA-MA as a crosslinker and a proton conductor is described. The esterification reaction between -OH of CS and -COOH of PSSA-MA and the complex formation of NH3+ of CS and SO3- of PSSA-MA were confirmed using FT-IR spectroscopy. The ion exchange capacity (IEC) of membranes continuously increased with PSSA-MA concentrations, resulting from the increase of ionic groups. However, the membranes exhibited the minimum values of proton conductivity and water uptake at 50-67 wt.% of PSSA-MA due to the effect of crosslinking and complex formation. In addition, a maximum of Young's modulus was achieved at 50 wt.% of PSSA-MA, as revealed by universal testing machine (UTM). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that the thermal stability of membranes increased with increasing PSSA-MA concentrations and was the highest at 50 wt.% of PSSA-MA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics