The characteristics of heparinized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) were investigated in terms of the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) to verify the heparin activity, a carbazole assay was done to measure the content of the immobilized heparin, and the octanol-water partition coefficient was assessed to determine the lipophilicity. Two heparin-immobilized MWNTs were prepared to evaluate their differences. The first preparation method involved polymer-coated MWNTs with heparin indirectly center-point-attached. In the second approach, heparin was directly end-point-attached through its reducing end onto acid-treated MWNTs. The blood compatibility of MWNTs to which heparin was end-point-attached through its reducing end was greatly enhanced compared to that of the MWNTs onto which heparin was center-point-attached. The APTT and carbazole assay results demonstrated that heparinized MWNTs prepared through end-point attachment result in prolonged plasma-based anticoagulant activity. The blood compatibility of MWNTs heparinized by end-point attachment was not decreased up to the fourth pasteurization. Heparinized MWNTs were also studied using octanol-water partition, which should be useful for exploring heparinized MWNTs as drug carriers including delivery systems. The results of octanol/water partition on the design of heparinized MWNTs prepared by end-point attachment with a specific binding can facilitate the design of drug delivery carriers with high blood compatibility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology