A series of polyurethane acrylate (PUA)/ZnO nanocomposite films with different ZnO contents were prepared via a UV-curing system. To ensure good dispersion in the PUA matrix, ZnO nanoparticles were modified with a silane coupling agent and confirmed by FT-IR analysis. The morphological structures, thermal properties, mechanical properties and water transfer properties of the prepared films were investigated as a function of their ZnO concentration. WAXD and SEM analyses showed that the surface-modified ZnO nanoparticles were homogeneously dispersed in the PUA matrix and the molecular ordering increased with increasing ZnO content. Compared with neat PUA, the hardness and elastic modulus in films increased from 0.03 to 0.056 GPa and from 2.75 to 3.55 GPa, respectively. Additionally, the water uptake and WVTR in the PUA/ZnO nanocomposite films decreased as the ZnO content nanoparticles increased, which may come from enhanced molecular ordering and hydrophobicity in films. UV light below approximately 450 nm can be efficiently absorbed by incorporating ZnO nanoparticles into a PUA matrix, indicating that these composite films exhibit good weather ability and UV-shielding effects. The enhanced physical properties achieved by incorporating modified ZnO nanoparticles can be advantageous in various applications, whereas the thermal stability of the composite films should be increased.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry