Preparation of CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for the hydro-desulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene for fuel cell applications

Hyun Koo Kim, Chang Whan Lee, Minsoo Kim, Joo Hyeng Oh, Shin Ae Song, Seong Cheol Jang, Chang Won Yoon, Jonghee Han, Sung Pil Yoon, Suk Woo Nam, Dae Ki Choi, Yong-Gun Shul, Hyung Chul Ham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of promising methods for removing the sulfur compounds from diesel fuel is hydrodesulfurization, in which the sulfur in diesel is hydrotreated by reaction with H2 to liberate H2S. In hydrodesulfurization, a highly efficient catalyst is required fuel cell applications because the level of sulfur compounds should be below 0.1 ppm to allow stable molten carbonate fuel cell operation. In this study, we prepared the CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and the activities of synthesized catalysts toward the hydrodesulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene were examined using a flow reactor. First, our measurement results using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, field emission gun electron probe micro analyzer and transmission electron microscope suggested that the Co and Mo particles are uniformly distributed on the supports (Al2O3, CeO2, and TiO2) we considered. Second, from the analysis of surface properties using via Raman spectroscopy, we identified the characteristic phases (such as Ce2Mo3O13, MoO3, and CoMoO4) of each synthesized catalyst, which may significantly influence hydrodesulfurization reactivity. Finally, the evaluation of catalytic activity showed that the order of hydrodesulfurization activity is CoMo/CeO2 > CoMo/Al2O3 > CoMo/TiO2. In particular, a CoMo/CeO2 catalyst exhibits the highest catalytic activity toward hydrodesulfurization, reducing the amount of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene from 10 ppm to about 0.1 ppm at 350 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18846-18857
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 2

Fingerprint

Hydrodesulfurization
Spray pyrolysis
Desulfurization
pyrolysis
sprayers
ultrasonics
Ultrasonics
catalysts
preparation
Catalysts
sulfur compounds
Catalyst activity
Sulfur compounds
catalytic activity
electron microscopes
molten carbonate fuel cells
Electron microscopes
diesel fuels
Molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFC)
electron probes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Kim, Hyun Koo ; Lee, Chang Whan ; Kim, Minsoo ; Oh, Joo Hyeng ; Song, Shin Ae ; Jang, Seong Cheol ; Yoon, Chang Won ; Han, Jonghee ; Yoon, Sung Pil ; Nam, Suk Woo ; Choi, Dae Ki ; Shul, Yong-Gun ; Ham, Hyung Chul. / Preparation of CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for the hydro-desulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene for fuel cell applications. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2016 ; Vol. 41, No. 41. pp. 18846-18857.
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title = "Preparation of CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for the hydro-desulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene for fuel cell applications",
abstract = "One of promising methods for removing the sulfur compounds from diesel fuel is hydrodesulfurization, in which the sulfur in diesel is hydrotreated by reaction with H2 to liberate H2S. In hydrodesulfurization, a highly efficient catalyst is required fuel cell applications because the level of sulfur compounds should be below 0.1 ppm to allow stable molten carbonate fuel cell operation. In this study, we prepared the CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and the activities of synthesized catalysts toward the hydrodesulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene were examined using a flow reactor. First, our measurement results using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, field emission gun electron probe micro analyzer and transmission electron microscope suggested that the Co and Mo particles are uniformly distributed on the supports (Al2O3, CeO2, and TiO2) we considered. Second, from the analysis of surface properties using via Raman spectroscopy, we identified the characteristic phases (such as Ce2Mo3O13, MoO3, and CoMoO4) of each synthesized catalyst, which may significantly influence hydrodesulfurization reactivity. Finally, the evaluation of catalytic activity showed that the order of hydrodesulfurization activity is CoMo/CeO2 > CoMo/Al2O3 > CoMo/TiO2. In particular, a CoMo/CeO2 catalyst exhibits the highest catalytic activity toward hydrodesulfurization, reducing the amount of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene from 10 ppm to about 0.1 ppm at 350 °C.",
author = "Kim, {Hyun Koo} and Lee, {Chang Whan} and Minsoo Kim and Oh, {Joo Hyeng} and Song, {Shin Ae} and Jang, {Seong Cheol} and Yoon, {Chang Won} and Jonghee Han and Yoon, {Sung Pil} and Nam, {Suk Woo} and Choi, {Dae Ki} and Yong-Gun Shul and Ham, {Hyung Chul}",
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Preparation of CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for the hydro-desulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene for fuel cell applications. / Kim, Hyun Koo; Lee, Chang Whan; Kim, Minsoo; Oh, Joo Hyeng; Song, Shin Ae; Jang, Seong Cheol; Yoon, Chang Won; Han, Jonghee; Yoon, Sung Pil; Nam, Suk Woo; Choi, Dae Ki; Shul, Yong-Gun; Ham, Hyung Chul.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 41, No. 41, 02.11.2016, p. 18846-18857.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Preparation of CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis for the hydro-desulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene for fuel cell applications

AU - Kim, Hyun Koo

AU - Lee, Chang Whan

AU - Kim, Minsoo

AU - Oh, Joo Hyeng

AU - Song, Shin Ae

AU - Jang, Seong Cheol

AU - Yoon, Chang Won

AU - Han, Jonghee

AU - Yoon, Sung Pil

AU - Nam, Suk Woo

AU - Choi, Dae Ki

AU - Shul, Yong-Gun

AU - Ham, Hyung Chul

PY - 2016/11/2

Y1 - 2016/11/2

N2 - One of promising methods for removing the sulfur compounds from diesel fuel is hydrodesulfurization, in which the sulfur in diesel is hydrotreated by reaction with H2 to liberate H2S. In hydrodesulfurization, a highly efficient catalyst is required fuel cell applications because the level of sulfur compounds should be below 0.1 ppm to allow stable molten carbonate fuel cell operation. In this study, we prepared the CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and the activities of synthesized catalysts toward the hydrodesulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene were examined using a flow reactor. First, our measurement results using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, field emission gun electron probe micro analyzer and transmission electron microscope suggested that the Co and Mo particles are uniformly distributed on the supports (Al2O3, CeO2, and TiO2) we considered. Second, from the analysis of surface properties using via Raman spectroscopy, we identified the characteristic phases (such as Ce2Mo3O13, MoO3, and CoMoO4) of each synthesized catalyst, which may significantly influence hydrodesulfurization reactivity. Finally, the evaluation of catalytic activity showed that the order of hydrodesulfurization activity is CoMo/CeO2 > CoMo/Al2O3 > CoMo/TiO2. In particular, a CoMo/CeO2 catalyst exhibits the highest catalytic activity toward hydrodesulfurization, reducing the amount of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene from 10 ppm to about 0.1 ppm at 350 °C.

AB - One of promising methods for removing the sulfur compounds from diesel fuel is hydrodesulfurization, in which the sulfur in diesel is hydrotreated by reaction with H2 to liberate H2S. In hydrodesulfurization, a highly efficient catalyst is required fuel cell applications because the level of sulfur compounds should be below 0.1 ppm to allow stable molten carbonate fuel cell operation. In this study, we prepared the CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and the activities of synthesized catalysts toward the hydrodesulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene were examined using a flow reactor. First, our measurement results using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, field emission gun electron probe micro analyzer and transmission electron microscope suggested that the Co and Mo particles are uniformly distributed on the supports (Al2O3, CeO2, and TiO2) we considered. Second, from the analysis of surface properties using via Raman spectroscopy, we identified the characteristic phases (such as Ce2Mo3O13, MoO3, and CoMoO4) of each synthesized catalyst, which may significantly influence hydrodesulfurization reactivity. Finally, the evaluation of catalytic activity showed that the order of hydrodesulfurization activity is CoMo/CeO2 > CoMo/Al2O3 > CoMo/TiO2. In particular, a CoMo/CeO2 catalyst exhibits the highest catalytic activity toward hydrodesulfurization, reducing the amount of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene from 10 ppm to about 0.1 ppm at 350 °C.

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