One of promising methods for removing the sulfur compounds from diesel fuel is hydrodesulfurization, in which the sulfur in diesel is hydrotreated by reaction with H2 to liberate H2S. In hydrodesulfurization, a highly efficient catalyst is required fuel cell applications because the level of sulfur compounds should be below 0.1 ppm to allow stable molten carbonate fuel cell operation. In this study, we prepared the CoMo/Al2O3, CoMo/CeO2, CoMo/TiO2 catalysts using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and the activities of synthesized catalysts toward the hydrodesulfurization of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene were examined using a flow reactor. First, our measurement results using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, field emission gun electron probe micro analyzer and transmission electron microscope suggested that the Co and Mo particles are uniformly distributed on the supports (Al2O3, CeO2, and TiO2) we considered. Second, from the analysis of surface properties using via Raman spectroscopy, we identified the characteristic phases (such as Ce2Mo3O13, MoO3, and CoMoO4) of each synthesized catalyst, which may significantly influence hydrodesulfurization reactivity. Finally, the evaluation of catalytic activity showed that the order of hydrodesulfurization activity is CoMo/CeO2 > CoMo/Al2O3 > CoMo/TiO2. In particular, a CoMo/CeO2 catalyst exhibits the highest catalytic activity toward hydrodesulfurization, reducing the amount of 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene from 10 ppm to about 0.1 ppm at 350 °C.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by the Renewable Energy R&D Program (No. 20133030030650 ) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) , the Global Research Laboratory Program funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology of Korea and the KIST institutional program (No. 2E26590 ) for the Korea Institute of Science and Technology .
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology