Objective: To evaluate whether an occlusion pathomechanism can be accurately determined by common preprocedural findings through a machine learning-based prediction model (ML-PM). Methods: A total of 476 patients with acute stroke who underwent endovascular treatment were retrospectively included to derive an ML-PM. For external validation, 152 patients from another tertiary stroke center were additionally included. An ML algorithm was trained to classify an occlusion pathomechanism into embolic or intracranial atherosclerosis. Various common preprocedural findings were entered into the model. Model performance was evaluated based on accuracy and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). For practical utility, a decision flowchart was devised from an ML-PM with a few key preprocedural findings. Accuracy of the decision flowchart was validated internally and externally. Results: An ML-PM could determine an occlusion pathomechanism with an accuracy of 96.9% (AUC=0.95). In the model, CT angiography-determined occlusion type, atrial fibrillation, hyperdense artery sign, and occlusion location were top-ranked contributors. With these four findings only, an ML-PM had an accuracy of 93.8% (AUC=0.92). With a decision flowchart, an occlusion pathomechanism could be determined with an accuracy of 91.2% for the study cohort and 94.7% for the external validation cohort. The decision flowchart was more accurate than single preprocedural findings for determining an occlusion pathomechanism. Conclusions: An ML-PM could accurately determine an occlusion pathomechanism with common preprocedural findings. A decision flowchart consisting of the four most influential findings was clinically applicable and superior to single common preprocedural findings for determining an occlusion pathomechanism.
|Journal||Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2022|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology