Presence of glioma stroma mesenchymal stem cells in a murine orthotopic glioma model

Sang Mok Kim, Seok Gu Kang, Na Ri Park, Hyun Su Mok, Yong Min Huh, Su Jae Lee, Sin Soo Jeun, Yong Kil Hong, Chun Kun Park, Frederick F. Lang

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Abstract

Purpose: High-grade gliomas are closely related to the mesenchymal phenotype which might be explained by unorthodox differentiation of glioma cancer stem cells (gCSCs). We reasoned that other non-neural stem cells, especially mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), might play a role in expresssing mesenchymal phenotype of high-grade gliomas. Thus we hypothesized that cells resembling MSCs exist in glioma specimens. Methods: We created a mouse (m) orthotopic glioma model using human gCSCs. Single-cell suspensions were isolated from glioma specimens and cultured according to the methods for mMSCs or gliomaspheres. These cells were analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) for surface markers associated with mMSCs or gCSCs. Glioma stroma (GS)-MSCs were exposed to mesenchymal differentiation conditions. To decide the location of GS-MSCs, sections of orthotopic glioma models were analyzed by immunofluorescent labeling. Results: GS-MSCs were isolated which were morphologically similar to mMSCs. FACS analysis showed that the GS-MSCs had similar surface markers to mMSCs (stem cell antigen-1 [Sca-1] +, CD9 +, CD45 -, CD11b -, CD31 -, and nerve/glial antigen 2 [NG2] -). GS-MSCs were capable of mesenchymal differentiation. Immunofluorescent labeling indicated that GS-MSCs are located around blood vessels, are distinct from endothelial cells, and have features that partially overlap with vascular pericytes. Conclusions: Our results indicate that cells similar to mMSCs exist in glioma specimens. The GS-MSCs might be located around vessels, which suggests that GS-MSCs may provide the mesenchymal elements of the vascular niche. GS-MSCs may represent non-neural stem cells that act as an important source of mesenchymal elements, particularly during the growth of gliomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-922
Number of pages12
JournalChild's Nervous System
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Kim, S. M., Kang, S. G., Park, N. R., Mok, H. S., Huh, Y. M., Lee, S. J., Jeun, S. S., Hong, Y. K., Park, C. K., & Lang, F. F. (2011). Presence of glioma stroma mesenchymal stem cells in a murine orthotopic glioma model. Child's Nervous System, 27(6), 911-922. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-011-1396-y