Prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients

Seung Jun Kim, SunYoung Rha, Su Kyung Song, Kee Namkoong, Hyuncheol Chung, Sang Hyun Yoon, Gun Min Kim, Kyung Ran Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study primarily aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients. Its secondary objective was to classify mental illnesses among cancer patients with significant psychological distress. Methods: We administered the Modified Distress Thermometer (MDT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) to consecutive, newly diagnosed cancer patients and conducted subsequent psychiatric interviews. A multiple logistic regression produced a discriminate profile of individuals with psychological distress. Results: Among 295 participants, 85 (28.8%) were identified as patients with psychological distress. Female gender [odds ratio (OR)=1.97], low educational level (OR=2.25) and low performance status (OR=4.10) were significantly associated with this condition. Among the 38 patients with psychological distress who received psychiatric assessment, the most common mental illness was adjustment disorder (n=23, 69.7%). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that approximately one-third of the cancer patients suffered from psychological distress. We recommend that physicians focus on the psychological status of female cancer patients with low levels of education and poor performance status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
JournalGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 1

Fingerprint

Psychology
Neoplasms
Odds Ratio
Psychiatry
Depression
Adjustment Disorders
Thermometers
Epidemiologic Studies
Anxiety
Logistic Models
Interviews
Physicians
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Kim, Seung Jun ; Rha, SunYoung ; Song, Su Kyung ; Namkoong, Kee ; Chung, Hyuncheol ; Yoon, Sang Hyun ; Kim, Gun Min ; Kim, Kyung Ran. / Prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients. In: General Hospital Psychiatry. 2011 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 246-252.
@article{b2f9ee57bc8d424880620ae5d59134a5,
title = "Prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients",
abstract = "Objectives: This study primarily aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients. Its secondary objective was to classify mental illnesses among cancer patients with significant psychological distress. Methods: We administered the Modified Distress Thermometer (MDT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) to consecutive, newly diagnosed cancer patients and conducted subsequent psychiatric interviews. A multiple logistic regression produced a discriminate profile of individuals with psychological distress. Results: Among 295 participants, 85 (28.8{\%}) were identified as patients with psychological distress. Female gender [odds ratio (OR)=1.97], low educational level (OR=2.25) and low performance status (OR=4.10) were significantly associated with this condition. Among the 38 patients with psychological distress who received psychiatric assessment, the most common mental illness was adjustment disorder (n=23, 69.7{\%}). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that approximately one-third of the cancer patients suffered from psychological distress. We recommend that physicians focus on the psychological status of female cancer patients with low levels of education and poor performance status.",
author = "Kim, {Seung Jun} and SunYoung Rha and Song, {Su Kyung} and Kee Namkoong and Hyuncheol Chung and Yoon, {Sang Hyun} and Kim, {Gun Min} and Kim, {Kyung Ran}",
year = "2011",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2011.02.008",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "246--252",
journal = "General Hospital Psychiatry",
issn = "0163-8343",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "3",

}

Prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients. / Kim, Seung Jun; Rha, SunYoung; Song, Su Kyung; Namkoong, Kee; Chung, Hyuncheol; Yoon, Sang Hyun; Kim, Gun Min; Kim, Kyung Ran.

In: General Hospital Psychiatry, Vol. 33, No. 3, 01.05.2011, p. 246-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients

AU - Kim, Seung Jun

AU - Rha, SunYoung

AU - Song, Su Kyung

AU - Namkoong, Kee

AU - Chung, Hyuncheol

AU - Yoon, Sang Hyun

AU - Kim, Gun Min

AU - Kim, Kyung Ran

PY - 2011/5/1

Y1 - 2011/5/1

N2 - Objectives: This study primarily aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients. Its secondary objective was to classify mental illnesses among cancer patients with significant psychological distress. Methods: We administered the Modified Distress Thermometer (MDT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) to consecutive, newly diagnosed cancer patients and conducted subsequent psychiatric interviews. A multiple logistic regression produced a discriminate profile of individuals with psychological distress. Results: Among 295 participants, 85 (28.8%) were identified as patients with psychological distress. Female gender [odds ratio (OR)=1.97], low educational level (OR=2.25) and low performance status (OR=4.10) were significantly associated with this condition. Among the 38 patients with psychological distress who received psychiatric assessment, the most common mental illness was adjustment disorder (n=23, 69.7%). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that approximately one-third of the cancer patients suffered from psychological distress. We recommend that physicians focus on the psychological status of female cancer patients with low levels of education and poor performance status.

AB - Objectives: This study primarily aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of psychological distress among Korean cancer patients. Its secondary objective was to classify mental illnesses among cancer patients with significant psychological distress. Methods: We administered the Modified Distress Thermometer (MDT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) to consecutive, newly diagnosed cancer patients and conducted subsequent psychiatric interviews. A multiple logistic regression produced a discriminate profile of individuals with psychological distress. Results: Among 295 participants, 85 (28.8%) were identified as patients with psychological distress. Female gender [odds ratio (OR)=1.97], low educational level (OR=2.25) and low performance status (OR=4.10) were significantly associated with this condition. Among the 38 patients with psychological distress who received psychiatric assessment, the most common mental illness was adjustment disorder (n=23, 69.7%). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that approximately one-third of the cancer patients suffered from psychological distress. We recommend that physicians focus on the psychological status of female cancer patients with low levels of education and poor performance status.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79956127924&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79956127924&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2011.02.008

DO - 10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2011.02.008

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 246

EP - 252

JO - General Hospital Psychiatry

JF - General Hospital Psychiatry

SN - 0163-8343

IS - 3

ER -