Prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders among former juvenile detainees in the United States

Michael George Vaughn, Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Matt Delisi, Brandy R. Maynard, Brian Boutwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Juvenile offenders face increased liability for psychiatric disorders and greater psychopathology, but little is known about the psychiatric status of former juvenile delinquents as adults. Method Drawing on data from Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the NESARC, logistic regression models examine correlates of psychiatric disorders in a large nationally representative sample of former juvenile detainees in adulthood (n = 1177) compared to adults who did not have a history of juvenile offending (n = 33,193). Further, we explored the psychosocial correlates associated with the increased likelihood of psychiatric disorders among former juvenile detainees. Results Nearly half of former juvenile detainees met criteria for one or more psychiatric disorders in the past twelve months and approximately two-thirds meet criteria for any lifetime personality disorder. Compared to the general population, former juvenile detainees not only denote greater psychiatric comorbidity across a range of affective, personality, and substance use disorders but are also more likely to report childhood adversity. Conclusions Former juvenile detainees experience significantly greater and more varied psychiatric problems across adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-116
Number of pages10
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1

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Psychiatry
Logistic Models
Personality Disorders
Psychopathology
Substance-Related Disorders
Personality
Comorbidity
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Vaughn, Michael George ; Salas-Wright, Christopher P. ; Delisi, Matt ; Maynard, Brandy R. ; Boutwell, Brian. / Prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders among former juvenile detainees in the United States. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2015 ; Vol. 59. pp. 107-116.
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Prevalence and correlates of psychiatric disorders among former juvenile detainees in the United States. / Vaughn, Michael George; Salas-Wright, Christopher P.; Delisi, Matt; Maynard, Brandy R.; Boutwell, Brian.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 59, 01.05.2015, p. 107-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Objective Juvenile offenders face increased liability for psychiatric disorders and greater psychopathology, but little is known about the psychiatric status of former juvenile delinquents as adults. Method Drawing on data from Wave 1 and Wave 2 of the NESARC, logistic regression models examine correlates of psychiatric disorders in a large nationally representative sample of former juvenile detainees in adulthood (n = 1177) compared to adults who did not have a history of juvenile offending (n = 33,193). Further, we explored the psychosocial correlates associated with the increased likelihood of psychiatric disorders among former juvenile detainees. Results Nearly half of former juvenile detainees met criteria for one or more psychiatric disorders in the past twelve months and approximately two-thirds meet criteria for any lifetime personality disorder. Compared to the general population, former juvenile detainees not only denote greater psychiatric comorbidity across a range of affective, personality, and substance use disorders but are also more likely to report childhood adversity. Conclusions Former juvenile detainees experience significantly greater and more varied psychiatric problems across adulthood.

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