Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and prognostic significance of psychological distress in gastric cancer patients. Methods: The study population included 229 gastric cancer patients visiting Yonsei Cancer Center between November 2009 and March 2011. The distress was measured by available tools including the Modified Distress Thermometer (MDT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). Patients with psychological distress were defined as those who scored above the cut-off values in both the MDT and either one of the HADS or CES-D. Results: The median age of patients was 56 (range, 20 to 86) and 97 (42.4%) patients were with stage IV disease status at enrollment. The overall prevalence of psychological distress was 33.6% (95% CI: 27.5-39.8%) in 229 gastric cancer patients. In multiple logistic regression analysis, lower education level (odds ratio [OR] 2.39; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-5.17, P=0.026) and higher disease stage (OR 2.72; 95% CI 1.47-5.03, P=0.001) were associated with psychological distress. In stage I-III disease, patients with psychological distress had worse disease-free survival (DFS) (5-year DFS rate: 60% vs 76%, P=0.49) compared with those without psychological distress. In stage IV disease (n=97), patients with psychological distress showed poorer overall survival than those without psychological distress (median OS (Overall Survival): 12.2 vs. 13.8months, P=0.019). Conclusion: Psychological distress is common in patients with all stages of gastric cancer and is associated with worse outcomes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Public welfare & Safety research program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2010–0020841). The role of funding was the study design and data collection.
© 2017 The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research