Prevalence and risk factors of superior segmental optic hypoplasia in a Korean population: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Sam Seo, Chong Eun Lee, Dai Woo Kim, Young Kook Kim, Jin Wook Jeoung, chanyun kim, Se Woong Kang, Ki Ho Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors for superior segmental optic hypoplasia (SSOH) in a Korean population based on the data from the nationwide Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the KNHANES dataset covering January 2012 to December 2012. The study population comprised 5,612 subjects (≥19 years of age) who had participated in a medical interview covering demographic and systemic information, been issued a questionnaire regarding associated SSOH risk factors including gender, age, systemic disease, and family history, and had undergone an ophthalmologic examination. Two masked readers evaluated fundus photography, paying special attention to the presence of SSOH. Associations of risk factors (identified in the medical interview portion) with SSOH prevalence were investigated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: SSOH was detected in 16 eyes of 14 subjects, or 0.24% of the 5,612 subjects. All 16 eyes showed a corresponding visual-field defect. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, maternal history of diabetes (Odds ratio (OR), 7.666; 95% Confidence interval (CI), 2.601 ∼ 22.593, p < 0.001) and paternal history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) (OR, 11.105; CI, 3.361 ∼ 36.686, p < 0.001) were associated with increased risk of SSOH. Conclusions: This study provides the first representative population-based data on SSOH prevalence in Korea. Additionally, multivariate analyses revealed that a history of maternal diabetes and paternal IHD was the most important factor influencing the prevalence of SSOH.

Original languageEnglish
Article number157
JournalBMC Ophthalmology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 15

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Nutrition Surveys
Korea
Myocardial Ischemia
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Regression Analysis
Mothers
Confidence Intervals
Interviews
Population
Photography
Visual Fields
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Seo, Sam ; Lee, Chong Eun ; Kim, Dai Woo ; Kim, Young Kook ; Jeoung, Jin Wook ; kim, chanyun ; Kang, Se Woong ; Park, Ki Ho. / Prevalence and risk factors of superior segmental optic hypoplasia in a Korean population : The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. In: BMC Ophthalmology. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1.
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title = "Prevalence and risk factors of superior segmental optic hypoplasia in a Korean population: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey",
abstract = "Background: This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors for superior segmental optic hypoplasia (SSOH) in a Korean population based on the data from the nationwide Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the KNHANES dataset covering January 2012 to December 2012. The study population comprised 5,612 subjects (≥19 years of age) who had participated in a medical interview covering demographic and systemic information, been issued a questionnaire regarding associated SSOH risk factors including gender, age, systemic disease, and family history, and had undergone an ophthalmologic examination. Two masked readers evaluated fundus photography, paying special attention to the presence of SSOH. Associations of risk factors (identified in the medical interview portion) with SSOH prevalence were investigated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: SSOH was detected in 16 eyes of 14 subjects, or 0.24{\%} of the 5,612 subjects. All 16 eyes showed a corresponding visual-field defect. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, maternal history of diabetes (Odds ratio (OR), 7.666; 95{\%} Confidence interval (CI), 2.601 ∼ 22.593, p < 0.001) and paternal history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) (OR, 11.105; CI, 3.361 ∼ 36.686, p < 0.001) were associated with increased risk of SSOH. Conclusions: This study provides the first representative population-based data on SSOH prevalence in Korea. Additionally, multivariate analyses revealed that a history of maternal diabetes and paternal IHD was the most important factor influencing the prevalence of SSOH.",
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Prevalence and risk factors of superior segmental optic hypoplasia in a Korean population : The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. / Seo, Sam; Lee, Chong Eun; Kim, Dai Woo; Kim, Young Kook; Jeoung, Jin Wook; kim, chanyun; Kang, Se Woong; Park, Ki Ho.

In: BMC Ophthalmology, Vol. 14, No. 1, 157, 15.12.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and risk factors of superior segmental optic hypoplasia in a Korean population

T2 - The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

AU - Seo, Sam

AU - Lee, Chong Eun

AU - Kim, Dai Woo

AU - Kim, Young Kook

AU - Jeoung, Jin Wook

AU - kim, chanyun

AU - Kang, Se Woong

AU - Park, Ki Ho

PY - 2014/12/15

Y1 - 2014/12/15

N2 - Background: This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors for superior segmental optic hypoplasia (SSOH) in a Korean population based on the data from the nationwide Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the KNHANES dataset covering January 2012 to December 2012. The study population comprised 5,612 subjects (≥19 years of age) who had participated in a medical interview covering demographic and systemic information, been issued a questionnaire regarding associated SSOH risk factors including gender, age, systemic disease, and family history, and had undergone an ophthalmologic examination. Two masked readers evaluated fundus photography, paying special attention to the presence of SSOH. Associations of risk factors (identified in the medical interview portion) with SSOH prevalence were investigated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: SSOH was detected in 16 eyes of 14 subjects, or 0.24% of the 5,612 subjects. All 16 eyes showed a corresponding visual-field defect. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, maternal history of diabetes (Odds ratio (OR), 7.666; 95% Confidence interval (CI), 2.601 ∼ 22.593, p < 0.001) and paternal history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) (OR, 11.105; CI, 3.361 ∼ 36.686, p < 0.001) were associated with increased risk of SSOH. Conclusions: This study provides the first representative population-based data on SSOH prevalence in Korea. Additionally, multivariate analyses revealed that a history of maternal diabetes and paternal IHD was the most important factor influencing the prevalence of SSOH.

AB - Background: This study investigated the prevalence and risk factors for superior segmental optic hypoplasia (SSOH) in a Korean population based on the data from the nationwide Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the KNHANES dataset covering January 2012 to December 2012. The study population comprised 5,612 subjects (≥19 years of age) who had participated in a medical interview covering demographic and systemic information, been issued a questionnaire regarding associated SSOH risk factors including gender, age, systemic disease, and family history, and had undergone an ophthalmologic examination. Two masked readers evaluated fundus photography, paying special attention to the presence of SSOH. Associations of risk factors (identified in the medical interview portion) with SSOH prevalence were investigated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: SSOH was detected in 16 eyes of 14 subjects, or 0.24% of the 5,612 subjects. All 16 eyes showed a corresponding visual-field defect. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, maternal history of diabetes (Odds ratio (OR), 7.666; 95% Confidence interval (CI), 2.601 ∼ 22.593, p < 0.001) and paternal history of ischemic heart disease (IHD) (OR, 11.105; CI, 3.361 ∼ 36.686, p < 0.001) were associated with increased risk of SSOH. Conclusions: This study provides the first representative population-based data on SSOH prevalence in Korea. Additionally, multivariate analyses revealed that a history of maternal diabetes and paternal IHD was the most important factor influencing the prevalence of SSOH.

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U2 - 10.1186/1471-2415-14-157

DO - 10.1186/1471-2415-14-157

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JO - BMC Ophthalmology

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