Prevalence of child maltreatment and its association with parenting style

A population study in Hong Kong

Camilla K.M. Lo, Frederick K. Ho, Rosa S. Wong, Keith T.S. Tung, Winnie W.Y. Tso, Matthew S.P. Ho, Chun Bong Chow, Edward Ko Ling Chan, Patrick Ip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies point to a link between parenting style and child maltreatment, but evidence from a Chinese context is lacking. We investigated the association between parenting style and child maltreatment in Hong Kong, and examined whether family socio-economic status and child gender moderate this relationship. Using stratified random sampling, 7585 children in Grade 1 to Grade 3 of 51 schools in Hong Kong were recruited and their parents were invited to complete the questionnaire. The past year weighted prevalence for minor physical abuse, severe/very severe physical abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect were 63.9%, 23.4%, 84.1%, and 23.2%, respectively. Authoritarian parenting was associated with all types of child maltreatment (prevalence ratio (PR) range: 1.10–1.53; p < 0.001), whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a lower risk of all types of child maltreatment (PR range: 0.89–0.97; p < 0.001). Child maltreatment is prevalent in Hong Kong and is strongly associated with parenting style. The association was significantly stronger among girls and those with higher family socioeconomic status. Education to empower parenting skills may alleviate the burden of child maltreatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1130
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
Parenting
Hong Kong
Population
Social Class
Parents
Economics
Psychology
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Lo, Camilla K.M. ; Ho, Frederick K. ; Wong, Rosa S. ; Tung, Keith T.S. ; Tso, Winnie W.Y. ; Ho, Matthew S.P. ; Chow, Chun Bong ; Chan, Edward Ko Ling ; Ip, Patrick. / Prevalence of child maltreatment and its association with parenting style : A population study in Hong Kong. In: International journal of environmental research and public health. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 7.
@article{8c825e63dc264da18b6008136255e01d,
title = "Prevalence of child maltreatment and its association with parenting style: A population study in Hong Kong",
abstract = "Previous studies point to a link between parenting style and child maltreatment, but evidence from a Chinese context is lacking. We investigated the association between parenting style and child maltreatment in Hong Kong, and examined whether family socio-economic status and child gender moderate this relationship. Using stratified random sampling, 7585 children in Grade 1 to Grade 3 of 51 schools in Hong Kong were recruited and their parents were invited to complete the questionnaire. The past year weighted prevalence for minor physical abuse, severe/very severe physical abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect were 63.9{\%}, 23.4{\%}, 84.1{\%}, and 23.2{\%}, respectively. Authoritarian parenting was associated with all types of child maltreatment (prevalence ratio (PR) range: 1.10–1.53; p < 0.001), whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a lower risk of all types of child maltreatment (PR range: 0.89–0.97; p < 0.001). Child maltreatment is prevalent in Hong Kong and is strongly associated with parenting style. The association was significantly stronger among girls and those with higher family socioeconomic status. Education to empower parenting skills may alleviate the burden of child maltreatment.",
author = "Lo, {Camilla K.M.} and Ho, {Frederick K.} and Wong, {Rosa S.} and Tung, {Keith T.S.} and Tso, {Winnie W.Y.} and Ho, {Matthew S.P.} and Chow, {Chun Bong} and Chan, {Edward Ko Ling} and Patrick Ip",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph16071130",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "7",

}

Prevalence of child maltreatment and its association with parenting style : A population study in Hong Kong. / Lo, Camilla K.M.; Ho, Frederick K.; Wong, Rosa S.; Tung, Keith T.S.; Tso, Winnie W.Y.; Ho, Matthew S.P.; Chow, Chun Bong; Chan, Edward Ko Ling; Ip, Patrick.

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 16, No. 7, 1130, 01.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of child maltreatment and its association with parenting style

T2 - A population study in Hong Kong

AU - Lo, Camilla K.M.

AU - Ho, Frederick K.

AU - Wong, Rosa S.

AU - Tung, Keith T.S.

AU - Tso, Winnie W.Y.

AU - Ho, Matthew S.P.

AU - Chow, Chun Bong

AU - Chan, Edward Ko Ling

AU - Ip, Patrick

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Previous studies point to a link between parenting style and child maltreatment, but evidence from a Chinese context is lacking. We investigated the association between parenting style and child maltreatment in Hong Kong, and examined whether family socio-economic status and child gender moderate this relationship. Using stratified random sampling, 7585 children in Grade 1 to Grade 3 of 51 schools in Hong Kong were recruited and their parents were invited to complete the questionnaire. The past year weighted prevalence for minor physical abuse, severe/very severe physical abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect were 63.9%, 23.4%, 84.1%, and 23.2%, respectively. Authoritarian parenting was associated with all types of child maltreatment (prevalence ratio (PR) range: 1.10–1.53; p < 0.001), whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a lower risk of all types of child maltreatment (PR range: 0.89–0.97; p < 0.001). Child maltreatment is prevalent in Hong Kong and is strongly associated with parenting style. The association was significantly stronger among girls and those with higher family socioeconomic status. Education to empower parenting skills may alleviate the burden of child maltreatment.

AB - Previous studies point to a link between parenting style and child maltreatment, but evidence from a Chinese context is lacking. We investigated the association between parenting style and child maltreatment in Hong Kong, and examined whether family socio-economic status and child gender moderate this relationship. Using stratified random sampling, 7585 children in Grade 1 to Grade 3 of 51 schools in Hong Kong were recruited and their parents were invited to complete the questionnaire. The past year weighted prevalence for minor physical abuse, severe/very severe physical abuse, psychological abuse, and neglect were 63.9%, 23.4%, 84.1%, and 23.2%, respectively. Authoritarian parenting was associated with all types of child maltreatment (prevalence ratio (PR) range: 1.10–1.53; p < 0.001), whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a lower risk of all types of child maltreatment (PR range: 0.89–0.97; p < 0.001). Child maltreatment is prevalent in Hong Kong and is strongly associated with parenting style. The association was significantly stronger among girls and those with higher family socioeconomic status. Education to empower parenting skills may alleviate the burden of child maltreatment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064210914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064210914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph16071130

DO - 10.3390/ijerph16071130

M3 - Article

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 7

M1 - 1130

ER -