Prevalence of eye diseases in South Korea: data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2009.

Kyung Chul Yoon, Gui Hyeong Mun, Sang Duck Kim, Seung Hyun Kim, Chan Yun Kim, K. H. Park, Young Jeung Park, Seung Hee Baek, Su Jeong Song, Jae Pil Shin, Suk Woo Yang, Seung Young Yu, Jong Soo Lee, Key Hwan Lim, Hye Jin Park, Eun Young Pyo, Ji Eun Yang, Young Taek Kim, Kyung Won Oh, Se Woong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to report on preliminary data regarding the prevalence of major eye diseases in Korea. We obtained data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nation-wide cross-sectional survey and examinations of the non-institutionalized civilian population in South Korea (n = 14,606), conducted from July 2008 to December 2009. Field survey teams included an ophthalmologist, nurses, and interviewers, traveled with a mobile examination unit and performed interviews and ophthalmologic examinations. The prevalence of visual impairment, myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism in participants over 5 years of age was 0.4 ± 0.1%, 53.7 ± 0.6%, 10.7 ± 0.4%, and 58.0 ± 0.6%, respectively. The prevalence of strabismus and blepharoptosis in participants over 3 years of age was 1.5 ± 0.1% and 11.0 ± 0.8%, respectively. In participants over 40 years of age, the prevalence of cataract, pterygium, early and late age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma was 40.2 ± 1.3%, 8.9 ± 0.5%, 5.1 ± 0.3%, 0.5 ± 0.1%, 13.4 ± 1.5%, and 2.1 ± 0.2%, respectively. This is the first nation-wide epidemiologic study conducted in South Korea for assessment of the prevalence of eye diseases by both the Korean Ophthalmologic Society and the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention. This study will provide preliminary information for use in further investigation, prevention, and management of eye diseases in Korea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-433
Number of pages13
JournalKorean journal of ophthalmology : KJO
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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