Prevalence of schistosomes and soil-transmitted helminths among schoolchildren in lake Victoria basin, Tanzania

Julius E. Siza, Godfrey M. Kaatano, Jong Yil Chai, Keeseon S. Eom, Han Jong Rim, Tai Soon Yong, Duk Young Min, Su Young Chang, Yunsuk Ko, John M. Changalucha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objectives of this study was to conduct a survey on schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in order to come up with feasible control strategies in Lake Victoria basin, Tanzania. Depending on the size of the school, 150-200 schoolchildren were recruited for the study. Duplicate Kato-Katz stool smears were prepared from each child and microscopically examined for Schistosoma mansoni and STHs. Urine specimens were examined for Schistosoma haematobium eggs using the filtration technique. After the survey, mass drug administration was done using praziquantel and albendazole for schistosomiasis and STHs infections, respectively. A total of 5,952 schoolchildren from 36 schools were recruited for the study and had their stool and urine specimens examined. Out of 5,952 schoolchildren, 898 (15.1%) were positive for S. mansoni, 754 (12.6%) for hookworms, 188 (3.2%) for Ascaris lumblicoides, and 5 (0.008%) for Trichuris trichiura. Out of 5,826 schoolchildren who provided urine samples, 519 (8.9%) were positive for S. haematobium eggs. The results revealed that intestinal schistosomiasis, urogenital schistosomiasis, and STH infections are highly prevalent throughought the lake basin. The high prevalence of intestinal and urogenital schistosomisiasis in the study area was a function of the distance from Lake Victoria, the former being more prevalent at localities close to the lake, whilst the latter is more so away from it. Control of schistosomiasis and STHs in the study area requires an integrated strategy that involves provision of health education to communities, regular treatments, and provision of adequate safe water supply and sanitation facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-524
Number of pages10
JournalKorean Journal of Parasitology
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct

Fingerprint

Tanzania
Victoria
Helminths
Lakes
Schistosomiasis
Soil
Schistosoma haematobium
Schistosoma mansoni
Urine
Eggs
Infection
Schistosomiasis haematobia
Ascaris
Trichuris
Ancylostomatoidea
Praziquantel
Albendazole
Schistosomiasis mansoni
Sanitation
Water Supply

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Siza, Julius E. ; Kaatano, Godfrey M. ; Chai, Jong Yil ; Eom, Keeseon S. ; Rim, Han Jong ; Yong, Tai Soon ; Min, Duk Young ; Chang, Su Young ; Ko, Yunsuk ; Changalucha, John M. / Prevalence of schistosomes and soil-transmitted helminths among schoolchildren in lake Victoria basin, Tanzania. In: Korean Journal of Parasitology. 2015 ; Vol. 53, No. 5. pp. 515-524.
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title = "Prevalence of schistosomes and soil-transmitted helminths among schoolchildren in lake Victoria basin, Tanzania",
abstract = "The objectives of this study was to conduct a survey on schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in order to come up with feasible control strategies in Lake Victoria basin, Tanzania. Depending on the size of the school, 150-200 schoolchildren were recruited for the study. Duplicate Kato-Katz stool smears were prepared from each child and microscopically examined for Schistosoma mansoni and STHs. Urine specimens were examined for Schistosoma haematobium eggs using the filtration technique. After the survey, mass drug administration was done using praziquantel and albendazole for schistosomiasis and STHs infections, respectively. A total of 5,952 schoolchildren from 36 schools were recruited for the study and had their stool and urine specimens examined. Out of 5,952 schoolchildren, 898 (15.1{\%}) were positive for S. mansoni, 754 (12.6{\%}) for hookworms, 188 (3.2{\%}) for Ascaris lumblicoides, and 5 (0.008{\%}) for Trichuris trichiura. Out of 5,826 schoolchildren who provided urine samples, 519 (8.9{\%}) were positive for S. haematobium eggs. The results revealed that intestinal schistosomiasis, urogenital schistosomiasis, and STH infections are highly prevalent throughought the lake basin. The high prevalence of intestinal and urogenital schistosomisiasis in the study area was a function of the distance from Lake Victoria, the former being more prevalent at localities close to the lake, whilst the latter is more so away from it. Control of schistosomiasis and STHs in the study area requires an integrated strategy that involves provision of health education to communities, regular treatments, and provision of adequate safe water supply and sanitation facilities.",
author = "Siza, {Julius E.} and Kaatano, {Godfrey M.} and Chai, {Jong Yil} and Eom, {Keeseon S.} and Rim, {Han Jong} and Yong, {Tai Soon} and Min, {Duk Young} and Chang, {Su Young} and Yunsuk Ko and Changalucha, {John M.}",
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Siza, JE, Kaatano, GM, Chai, JY, Eom, KS, Rim, HJ, Yong, TS, Min, DY, Chang, SY, Ko, Y & Changalucha, JM 2015, 'Prevalence of schistosomes and soil-transmitted helminths among schoolchildren in lake Victoria basin, Tanzania', Korean Journal of Parasitology, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 515-524. https://doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2015.53.5.515

Prevalence of schistosomes and soil-transmitted helminths among schoolchildren in lake Victoria basin, Tanzania. / Siza, Julius E.; Kaatano, Godfrey M.; Chai, Jong Yil; Eom, Keeseon S.; Rim, Han Jong; Yong, Tai Soon; Min, Duk Young; Chang, Su Young; Ko, Yunsuk; Changalucha, John M.

In: Korean Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 53, No. 5, 10.2015, p. 515-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Prevalence of schistosomes and soil-transmitted helminths among schoolchildren in lake Victoria basin, Tanzania

AU - Siza, Julius E.

AU - Kaatano, Godfrey M.

AU - Chai, Jong Yil

AU - Eom, Keeseon S.

AU - Rim, Han Jong

AU - Yong, Tai Soon

AU - Min, Duk Young

AU - Chang, Su Young

AU - Ko, Yunsuk

AU - Changalucha, John M.

PY - 2015/10

Y1 - 2015/10

N2 - The objectives of this study was to conduct a survey on schistosomiasis and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in order to come up with feasible control strategies in Lake Victoria basin, Tanzania. Depending on the size of the school, 150-200 schoolchildren were recruited for the study. Duplicate Kato-Katz stool smears were prepared from each child and microscopically examined for Schistosoma mansoni and STHs. Urine specimens were examined for Schistosoma haematobium eggs using the filtration technique. After the survey, mass drug administration was done using praziquantel and albendazole for schistosomiasis and STHs infections, respectively. A total of 5,952 schoolchildren from 36 schools were recruited for the study and had their stool and urine specimens examined. Out of 5,952 schoolchildren, 898 (15.1%) were positive for S. mansoni, 754 (12.6%) for hookworms, 188 (3.2%) for Ascaris lumblicoides, and 5 (0.008%) for Trichuris trichiura. Out of 5,826 schoolchildren who provided urine samples, 519 (8.9%) were positive for S. haematobium eggs. The results revealed that intestinal schistosomiasis, urogenital schistosomiasis, and STH infections are highly prevalent throughought the lake basin. The high prevalence of intestinal and urogenital schistosomisiasis in the study area was a function of the distance from Lake Victoria, the former being more prevalent at localities close to the lake, whilst the latter is more so away from it. Control of schistosomiasis and STHs in the study area requires an integrated strategy that involves provision of health education to communities, regular treatments, and provision of adequate safe water supply and sanitation facilities.

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