OBJECTIVE. In thyroid tumours, ras, Gsα, p53 mutations and ret/PTC rearrangement have been reported with variable prevalences in different geographical regions. We studied the prevalence of these mutations and rearrangement in thyroid tumours in a Korean population. As MDM2 and Bcl-1 protein expressions have been suggested to be associated with p53 protein, we also studied possible relationships among them. PATIENTS AND DESIGN. Eleven cases of adenomatous goitre, eight cases of follicular adenoma, five cases of follicular carcinoma and 37 cases of papillary carcinoma were included in this study. To find mutations and rearrangement, RT-PCR, SSCP and/or direct sequencing, after subcloning if necessary, were used, and immunohistochemical stainings were performed for p53, MDM2 and Bcl-2 proteins in cases of papillary carcinoma. RESULTS. We could not find any rearrangement for ret/PTC-1, -2, -3 and mutation of G(s)α. For the ras oncogene, K and H-ras mutations were not found, but N-ras mutations, point mutation of CAA to CGA in codon 61, were detected in one follicular adenoma (12.5%, 1/8) and one follicular carcinoma (33%, 1/3). p53 mutations were detected in only one case of papillary carcinoma (3%, 1/31: exon 8, codon 266 GGA → GAA). In 30 cases of papillary carcinoma without p53 mutation, the prevalences of positive immunohistochemical staining were 13.3% for p53 protein, 53.3% for MDM2 protein and 56.7% for Bcl-2 protein. While over-expression of p53 protein was not significantly related to that of MDM2 and Bcl-2 proteins, over-expression of MDM2 and Bcl-2 in papillary carcinoma were associated. CONCLUSION ret/PTC rearrangement, G(s)α, ras and p53 mutations are relatively rare in differentiated thyroid neoplasms from a Korean population, which may reflect genetic and environmental differences from patients in countries with high prevalences. P53 protein over-expression was noted in 13.3% of papillary carcinoma cases without p53 mutation and was not significantly related to MDM2 and Bcl-2 expression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism