The potential protective roles played by green tea polyphenol (GTP) against the injurious effects of reactive oxygen species in human microvascular endothelial cells (HUMVECs) were investigated. Oxidative stress was induced in cultured HUMVECs, either by adding 10 mM H 2O 2 or by the action of 10 U/l xanthine oxidase (XO) in the presence of xanthine (250 μM). Both treatments produced a significant reduction (to 68% and 71%, respectively) in HUMVEC viability, as assessed by fluorescence double staining method followed by flow cytometric analysis. On the microscopic observations, the morphological changes and necrotic detachment were appreciably induced by both treatments. The H 2O 2-induced alterations were completely prevented by pre-incubating the ECs with 10 μg/ml GTP for 1 h. When the oxidative stress was induced by XO, the cell viability and morphology were also significantly maintained at the same GTP concentration. These results demonstrate that GTP can act as a biological antioxidant in a cell culture experimental model and prevent oxidative stress-induced cytotoxicity in ECs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grant no. 02-PJ3-PG3-31402-0019 from the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Korea.
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