The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of hydrated calcium silicate filler (hCS) on resin-based pit and fissure sealants' acid neutralization, calcium ion release, and mechanical and physical properties. To produce the hCS filler, Portland cement (CS) was mixed with distilled water and ground into fine particles. The particles were then mixed with silanized glass filler and added to a photo-activated resin matrix. To evaluate the acid neutralization and calcium ion release properties, the specimens were immersed in a pH 4.0 lactic acid solution and distilled water for 28 days. Also, the flexural strength, depth of cure, water sorption, and solubility were tested. All of the groups containing hCS and CS required less than one minute to increase the pH from 4.0 to 5.5. With 50% hCS, the calcium ion release was higher than 50% CS in the distilled water at the initial time. The flexural strength and depth of cure decreased according to the increasing proportion of hCS added. The water sorption and solubility had an increasing trend as increasing proportions of hCS were added. These findings showed that pit and fissure sealant containing hCS exhibit superior acid neutralization and calcium release properties, and may be promising for caries-inhibiting dental material.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Yonsei University College of Dentistry (6-2019-0021).
© 2020 by the authors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics