Primary central nervous system lymphoma and atypical glioblastoma: differentiation using the initial area under the curve derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MR and the apparent diffusion coefficient

Yoon Seong Choi, Ho Joon Lee, Sung Soo Ahn, Jong Hee Chang, Seok-Gu Kang, Eui Hyun Kim, SeHoon Kim, Seung Koo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the ability of the initial area under the curve (IAUC) derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in differentiating between primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and atypical glioblastoma (GBM). Methods: We retrospectively identified 19 patients with atypical GBM (less than 13 % necrosis of the enhancing tumour), and 23 patients with PCNSL. The histogram parameters of IAUC at 30, 60, 90 s (IAUC30, IAUC60, and IAUC90), and ADC were compared between PCNSL and GBM. The diagnostic performances and added values of the IAUC and ADC for differentiating between PCNSL and GBM were evaluated. Interobserver agreement was assessed via intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: The IAUC and ADC parameters were higher in GBM than in PCNSL. The 90th percentile (p90) of IAUC30 and 10th percentile (p10) of ADC showed the best diagnostic performance. Adding p90 of IAUC30 to p10 of ADC improved the differentiation between PCNSL and GBM (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.886), compared to IAUC30 or ADC alone (AUC = 0.789 and 0.744; P < 0.05 for all). The ICC was 0.96 for p90 of IAUC30. Conclusions: The IAUC may be a useful parameter together with ADC for differentiating between PCNSL and atypical GBM. Key Points: • High reproducibility is essential for practical implementation of advanced MRI parameters. • IAUC and ADC are highly reproducible parameters. • IAUC values were higher in atypical GBM than in PCNSL. • Adding IAUC to ADC improved the differentiation between PCNSL and GBM. • IAUC with ADC are useful for differentiating PCNSL from GBM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1344-1351
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

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Glioblastoma
Area Under Curve
Lymphoma
Central Nervous System
ROC Curve
Necrosis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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title = "Primary central nervous system lymphoma and atypical glioblastoma: differentiation using the initial area under the curve derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MR and the apparent diffusion coefficient",
abstract = "Objectives: To evaluate the ability of the initial area under the curve (IAUC) derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in differentiating between primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and atypical glioblastoma (GBM). Methods: We retrospectively identified 19 patients with atypical GBM (less than 13 {\%} necrosis of the enhancing tumour), and 23 patients with PCNSL. The histogram parameters of IAUC at 30, 60, 90 s (IAUC30, IAUC60, and IAUC90), and ADC were compared between PCNSL and GBM. The diagnostic performances and added values of the IAUC and ADC for differentiating between PCNSL and GBM were evaluated. Interobserver agreement was assessed via intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: The IAUC and ADC parameters were higher in GBM than in PCNSL. The 90th percentile (p90) of IAUC30 and 10th percentile (p10) of ADC showed the best diagnostic performance. Adding p90 of IAUC30 to p10 of ADC improved the differentiation between PCNSL and GBM (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.886), compared to IAUC30 or ADC alone (AUC = 0.789 and 0.744; P < 0.05 for all). The ICC was 0.96 for p90 of IAUC30. Conclusions: The IAUC may be a useful parameter together with ADC for differentiating between PCNSL and atypical GBM. Key Points: • High reproducibility is essential for practical implementation of advanced MRI parameters. • IAUC and ADC are highly reproducible parameters. • IAUC values were higher in atypical GBM than in PCNSL. • Adding IAUC to ADC improved the differentiation between PCNSL and GBM. • IAUC with ADC are useful for differentiating PCNSL from GBM.",
author = "Choi, {Yoon Seong} and Lee, {Ho Joon} and Ahn, {Sung Soo} and Chang, {Jong Hee} and Seok-Gu Kang and Kim, {Eui Hyun} and SeHoon Kim and Lee, {Seung Koo}",
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Primary central nervous system lymphoma and atypical glioblastoma : differentiation using the initial area under the curve derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MR and the apparent diffusion coefficient. / Choi, Yoon Seong; Lee, Ho Joon; Ahn, Sung Soo; Chang, Jong Hee; Kang, Seok-Gu; Kim, Eui Hyun; Kim, SeHoon; Lee, Seung Koo.

In: European Radiology, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.04.2017, p. 1344-1351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Primary central nervous system lymphoma and atypical glioblastoma

T2 - differentiation using the initial area under the curve derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MR and the apparent diffusion coefficient

AU - Choi, Yoon Seong

AU - Lee, Ho Joon

AU - Ahn, Sung Soo

AU - Chang, Jong Hee

AU - Kang, Seok-Gu

AU - Kim, Eui Hyun

AU - Kim, SeHoon

AU - Lee, Seung Koo

PY - 2017/4/1

Y1 - 2017/4/1

N2 - Objectives: To evaluate the ability of the initial area under the curve (IAUC) derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in differentiating between primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and atypical glioblastoma (GBM). Methods: We retrospectively identified 19 patients with atypical GBM (less than 13 % necrosis of the enhancing tumour), and 23 patients with PCNSL. The histogram parameters of IAUC at 30, 60, 90 s (IAUC30, IAUC60, and IAUC90), and ADC were compared between PCNSL and GBM. The diagnostic performances and added values of the IAUC and ADC for differentiating between PCNSL and GBM were evaluated. Interobserver agreement was assessed via intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: The IAUC and ADC parameters were higher in GBM than in PCNSL. The 90th percentile (p90) of IAUC30 and 10th percentile (p10) of ADC showed the best diagnostic performance. Adding p90 of IAUC30 to p10 of ADC improved the differentiation between PCNSL and GBM (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.886), compared to IAUC30 or ADC alone (AUC = 0.789 and 0.744; P < 0.05 for all). The ICC was 0.96 for p90 of IAUC30. Conclusions: The IAUC may be a useful parameter together with ADC for differentiating between PCNSL and atypical GBM. Key Points: • High reproducibility is essential for practical implementation of advanced MRI parameters. • IAUC and ADC are highly reproducible parameters. • IAUC values were higher in atypical GBM than in PCNSL. • Adding IAUC to ADC improved the differentiation between PCNSL and GBM. • IAUC with ADC are useful for differentiating PCNSL from GBM.

AB - Objectives: To evaluate the ability of the initial area under the curve (IAUC) derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in differentiating between primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and atypical glioblastoma (GBM). Methods: We retrospectively identified 19 patients with atypical GBM (less than 13 % necrosis of the enhancing tumour), and 23 patients with PCNSL. The histogram parameters of IAUC at 30, 60, 90 s (IAUC30, IAUC60, and IAUC90), and ADC were compared between PCNSL and GBM. The diagnostic performances and added values of the IAUC and ADC for differentiating between PCNSL and GBM were evaluated. Interobserver agreement was assessed via intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: The IAUC and ADC parameters were higher in GBM than in PCNSL. The 90th percentile (p90) of IAUC30 and 10th percentile (p10) of ADC showed the best diagnostic performance. Adding p90 of IAUC30 to p10 of ADC improved the differentiation between PCNSL and GBM (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.886), compared to IAUC30 or ADC alone (AUC = 0.789 and 0.744; P < 0.05 for all). The ICC was 0.96 for p90 of IAUC30. Conclusions: The IAUC may be a useful parameter together with ADC for differentiating between PCNSL and atypical GBM. Key Points: • High reproducibility is essential for practical implementation of advanced MRI parameters. • IAUC and ADC are highly reproducible parameters. • IAUC values were higher in atypical GBM than in PCNSL. • Adding IAUC to ADC improved the differentiation between PCNSL and GBM. • IAUC with ADC are useful for differentiating PCNSL from GBM.

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