An all-digital 90° phase shift delay lock loop (DLL) is presented, which is robust against the delay mismatch caused by process variation. Each of the four 90° phase shift blocks accurately aligns its output to a 90° shifted phase using its own ring oscillator and locking delay code. It is analytically proved that the phase shift accuracy of the proposed 90° phase shift block is always higher than that of the conventional all-digital 90° phase shift DLL. The harmonic locking problem is prevented by a ring oscillator and a counter. An area-efficient binary-to-thermometer converter is proposed to reduce the area overhead caused by the delay-line control logic. A fast operating frequency with a finer resolution is achieved through the fine delay range selector and the resistance controlled fine delay unit. The proposed 90° phase shift DLL is implemented using a 45-nm CMOS process. The phase shift accuracy errors at the 90° and 270° phases are 0.43° and 1.01° , respectively, when the maximum locking delay code difference between the four 90° phase shift delay lines corresponds to ± 9.97° at 800 MHz. It proves that the DLL corrects the significant phase error caused by process variation. The power consumption is 3.3 mW at 800 MHz.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering