Products of degradation of black phosphorus in protic solvents

Jan Plutnar, Zdeněk Sofer, Martin Pumera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Deterioration of the surface of black phosphorus (BP) caused by ambient atmosphere is an undesired process, limiting broader use of BP in many areas. The mechanism of BP degradation was explained theoretically, and the oxidized materials were thoroughly characterized experimentally. However, the surface analysis techniques introduce only a limited insight into the real state of the material. Here, we report a thorough analysis of the composition of mixtures obtained after a prolonged exposure of suspensions of BP to atmospheric oxygen with the aim to further disclosure the processes involved in the decomposition process. The results are compared with the predicted structures of the oxidized material and confirm the results of the theoretical calculations. The comparison of reactivity of BP with reactivity of white phosphorus under similar conditions concludes a similar distribution of the products in both cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8390-8396
Number of pages7
JournalACS Nano
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 28

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the project Advanced Functional Nanorobots (reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15_003/0000444 financed by the EFRR), by the Czech Science Foundation (GACR No. 16-05167S) and by the Neuron Foundation for Science.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Products of degradation of black phosphorus in protic solvents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this