We investigate the effect of the cross-sectional profile of an array of metallic nanowires on the feasibility of a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) biosensor. Calculations were performed using rigorous coupled-wave analysis with an emphasis on the extinction properties of the LSPR structure. The results indicate that the nanowire structure, particularly that of a T-proflle, delivers an extremely linear sensing performance over a wide range of the target refractive index with much enhanced sensitivity. The extinction-based LSPR structure also involves a relatively large dimension and thus is expected to provide a feasible biosensor using current semiconductor technology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering