Profiling the Protein Targets of Unmodified Bio-Active Molecules with Drug Affinity Responsive Target Stability and Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Hui Yun Hwang, Tae Young Kim, Marcell A. Szász, Balazs Dome, Johan Malm, Gyorgy Marko-Varga, Ho Jeong Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Identifying the target proteins of bioactive small molecules is a key step in understanding mode-of-action of the drug and addressing the underlying mechanisms responsible for a particular phenotype. Proteomics has been successfully used to elucidate the target protein profiles of unmodified and ligand-modified bioactive small molecules. In the latter approach, compounds can be modified via click chemistry and combined with activity-based protein profiling. Target proteins are then enriched by performing a pull-down with the modified ligand. Methods that utilize unmodified bioactive small molecules include the cellular thermal shift assay, thermal proteome profiling, stability of proteins from rates of oxidation, and the drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS) determination (or read-out). This review highlights recent proteomic approaches utilizing data-dependent analysis and data-independent analysis to identify target proteins by DARTS. When combined with liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry, DARTS enables the identification of proteins that bind to drug molecules that leads to a conformational change in the target protein(s). In addition, an effective strategy is proposed for selecting the target protein(s) from within the pool of analyzed candidates. With additional complementary methods, the biologically relevant target proteins that bind to the small bio-active molecules can be further validated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900325
JournalProteomics
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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