The present study evaluated the association between programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) expression and long-term oncologic outcomes in colorectal cancer (CRC). PD-L1 expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry in 175 patients who underwent surgical resection for CRC between September 1999 and August 2004. Patients were grouped according to PD-L1 expression, with 82 (46.9%) and 93 (53.1%) in the low and high PD-L1 expression groups, respectively. The overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were significantly better in the high expression group compared with in the low expression group (OS: 48.2 vs. 32.9%, P=0.047; DFS: 43.3 vs. 32.9%, P=0.021). According to the Tumor-Node-Metastasis stage subgroups, the OS rates in the low and high expression groups, respectively, were 66.7 and 60.0% in stage I (P=0.715), 51.8 and 46.7% in stage II (P=0.789), 19.6 and 51.1% in stage III (P=0.011) and 9.1 and 0% in stage IV (P=0.005). The DFS rates in the low and high expression groups, respectively, were 66.7 and 60.0% in stage I (P=0.715), 51.8 and 46.7% in stage II (P=0.857), 19.6 and 38.3% in stage III (P=0.006) and 9.1 and 0% in stage IV (P=0.700). The systemic recurrence rate was significantly higher in the low expression group compared with in the high expression group (42.7 vs. 12.9%, respectively, P=0.030). Low PD-L1 expression was significantly associated with tumor relapse and poor prognosis in stage III CRC.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The present study was supported by the Keimyung University Research Grant of 2017 (grant no. 20170567).
© 2018, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research