Objective: Monoclonal antibodies targeting programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) demonstrated promising clinical response. The predictive/prognostic value of PD-1/PD-L1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) has been evaluated in many cancer types. However, the prognostic value of PD-1/PD-L1 IHC has not been evaluated in endometrial cancer. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study to quantify the IHC CD8, PD-1, and PD-L1 expressions in immune cells at center of tumor (CT), invasive margin (IM), and/or tumor cell in 183 primary endometrial cancer samples from a single cohort, followed by their reciprocal combinations, including compartmental differences, and correlated them with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Results: In repeated Cox multivariable models adjusted by clinicoimmunopathologic factors, high CT-PD-L1 was an independent adverse prognostic factor for PFS in all patients and in the microsatellite-stable subgroup. Immune marker ratios revealed independently shorter PFS for high CT-PD-L1/CT-CD8 and CT-PD-L1/CT-PD-1 ratios. Classification of endometrial cancer into four groups based on CT-CD8 and CT-PD-L1 revealed significantly different survival among groups. Conclusions: The high PD-L1/CD8 ratio and the high expression of PD-L1 on immune cells were independent poor prognostic factors for PFS in endometrial cancer, providing insights into the tumor microenvironment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology