Prognostic implications of combined imaging and histologic criteria in squamous cell carcinoma with mandibular invasion

Chena Lee, Yoon Joo Choi, Kug Jin Jeon, Dong Wook Kim, Woong Nam, Hyung Jun Kim, In Ho Cha, Sang Sun Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prognosis prediction of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with mandibular invasion is controversial, and a more sophisticated staging system to aid prognosis could be developed with imaging characteristics of bone invasion. Imaging-feature analysis provides practical, stratified results for survival prognosis in oral SCC (OSCC) of the mandible, and imaging advances enable more detailed tumor visualization. We retrospectively evaluated significant bone-invasion features associated with poor outcomes in mandibular OSCC to assess the predictive value of staging criteria that combined imaging features and histologic grade (combined imaging–histology (IH) grade) in 65 patients (39 men, 26 women) with mandibular SCC diagnosed from 2006 to 2016. Clinicopathologic features, including T-stage and histologic grade, and prognosis were retrieved. Tumors were classified into three types by extent of mandibular invasion on pretreatment imaging studies. Moreover, we assessed the involvement of the mandibular canal. We examined the correlation of factors associated with locoregional recurrence and overall mortality. The Harrell Concordance Index (C-index) determined prognostic performance of predictors. Nineteen (29%) patients showed locoregional recurrence and 13 (20%) died. For locoregional recurrence and mortality rates, imaging-detected mandibular canal (MC) involvement is a stronger prognostic factor for recurrence (C-index = 0.61 > 0.58) and survival (C-index = 0.58 > 0.63) than histopathologically confirmed perineural invasion, as was the IH grade, especially IH Grade 3, which was significantly associated with worse locoregional recurrence (p < 0.02). Imaging-based staging showed higher prognostic performance than T-staging (C-index = 0.57 (recurrence), 0.60 (death)), when combined with histologic grading (C-index = 0.69 for both) or used alone (C-index = 0.63 (locoregional recurrence), 0.69 (death)). Overall survival was significantly stratified by Imaging type and IH grade. Therefore, analysis of imaging features provided more specific, practical results for survival prognosis in mandibular OSCC. Imaging advances can potentially provide detailed gross views of tumor masses to facilitate development of prognostic criteria for OSCC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1335
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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