Prognostic significance and frequency of EGFR expression and amplification in surgically resected advanced gastric cancer

Ji Soo Park, Hyo Song Kim, Yoon Sung Bae, Jae Ho Cheong, Sun Young Rha, Sung Hoon Noh, Hyunki Kim

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to find the frequency and the role of epidermal growth factor receptor expression as a prognostic biomarker in gastric cancer. Methods: We evaluated the prognostic value and frequency of epidermal growth factor receptor expression and amplification using immunohistochemistry and silver in situ hybridization in a large cohort of curatively resected gastric cancer. Results: Of the total of 935 cases, 294 (31.4%), 101 (10.8%) and 36 (3.9%) patients showed epidermal growth factor receptor 1+, 2+ and 3+ expression on immunohistochemistry, respectively. Epidermal growth factor receptor-positive (2+/3+) patients more frequently had intestinal type than epidermal growth factor receptor-negative (0/1+) patients (82.5 vs. 44.1%, P < 0.001). After adjusting for sex, age, stage and adjuvant chemotherapy, epidermal growth factor receptor-positive patients had a favorable overall survival outcome compared with epidermal growth factor receptor-negative patients (hazard ratio, 0.734; 95% confidence interval, 0.541-0.997; P = 0.047), especially in Stage III disease (hazard ratio, 0.676; 95% confidence interval, 0.472-0.968; P = 0.033). Among the 393 cases available for in situ hybridization, the correlation between immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization was statistically significant (P = 0.001). Thirteen patients with gene amplification (3.3%) did not show different survival outcome with others (P = 0.359). Conclusion: Epidermal growth factor receptor positivity was an independent favorable prognostic factor for gastric cancer, especially in Stage III disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberhyw030
Pages (from-to)507-516
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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