Objectives Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) are diverse diseases with different prognosis. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and the European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) introduced 2 different tumor node metastasis (TNM) stages, and the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed WHO 2010 grading system for pNETs. Therefore, we aimed to validate the prognostic relevance of these 3 systems for pNETs in South Korea. Methods The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer created a retrospective registry of pNETs in 153 patients from 15 hospitals between 2002 and 2012. Results On the basis of the WHO 2010 grade, 2-year progression-free-survival (PFS) rates for G1, G2, and G3 were 92%, 62%, and 25% (P < 0.01). According to ENETS and AJCC staging, 2-year PFS rates for stages I through IV were 94%, 87%, 49%, 20%, and 92%, 61%, 60%, 20%, respectively (P < 0.01). A Cox multivariate regression analysis revealed that the only statistically significant prognostic factor was the TNM classification of either the AJCC or the ENETS stage (P < 0.01). In addition, the κ value between the AJCC and the ENETS stages was 0.46 indicating a "moderate" agreement (P < 0.01). Conclusions The AJCC and ENETS TNM classifications for pNETs are prognostic for PFS and can be adopted in clinical practice in South Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism