The neurohumoral and inflammatory pathways are regarded as the main mechanisms for the progression of heart failure. We sought to investigate the prognostic value of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) by evaluating their relation with 12-month mortality rate in this prospective cohort study from 24 academic hospitals in Korea. In 1,608 patients with acute heart failure (AHF), the median hs-CRP and NT-proBNP values were 0.77 mg/dl (interquartile range 0.29 to 2.84) and 4,638 pg/ml (interquartile range 1,945 to 10,852), respectively. During the 12-month follow-up, 213 patients (13.3%) died. The mortality rate increased from the lowest to the highest hs-CRP quartiles (Q1 7.4%, Q2 9.5%, Q3 16.9%, Q4 19.3%, p <0.001) and NT-proBNP quartiles (Q1 7.0%, Q2 13.4%, Q3 11.6%, Q4 20.4%, p <0.001). After adjustment, both hs-CRP (hazard ratio [HR] 1.811, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.138 to 2.882) and NT-proBNP (HR 1.971, 95% CI 1.219 to 3.187) were independent predictors of 12-month mortality among others. When combining both hs-CRP and NT-proBNP and stratifying the patients according to their median values, patients with elevation of both hs-CRP and NT-proBNP values had 2.4-fold increased hazards (HR 2.382, 95% CI 1.509 to 3.761) compared with those without elevation of both markers. In Korean patients with AHF, patients with increased levels of both hs-CRP and NT-proBNP had worse clinical outcomes. The combination of the neurohumoral and inflammatory markers may provide a better strategy for risk stratification of Asian patients with AHF.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine