Progression of Aortic Arch Calcification Over 1 Year Is an Independent Predictor of Mortality in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

Mi Jung Lee, Dong Ho Shin, Seung Jun Kim, Hyung Jung Oh, Dong Eun Yoo, Kwang Il Ko, Hyang Mo Koo, Chan Ho Kim, Fa Mee Doh, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae Hyun Yoo, Kyu Hun Choi, Shin Wook Kang

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Abstract

Backgrounds and Aims: The presence and progression of vascular calcification have been demonstrated as important risk factors for mortality in dialysis patients. However, since the majority of subjects included in most previous studies were hemodialysis patients, limited information was available in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of aortic arch calcification (AoAC) and prognostic value of AoAC progression in PD patients. Methods: We prospectively determined AoAC by chest X-ray at PD start and after 12 months, and evaluated the impact of AoAC progression on mortality in 415 incident PD patients. Results: Of 415 patients, 169 patients (40.7%) had AoAC at baseline with a mean of 18.1±11.2%. The presence of baseline AoAC was an independent predictor of all-cause [Hazard ratio (HR): 2.181, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.336-3.561, P = 0.002] and cardiovascular mortality (HR: 3.582, 95% CI: 1.577-8.132, P = 0.002). Among 363 patients with follow-up chest X-rays at 12 months after PD start, the proportion of patients with AoAC progression was significantly higher in patients with baseline AoAC (64.2 vs. 5.3%, P<0.001). Moreover, all-cause and cardiovascular death rates were significantly higher in the progression groups than in the non-progression group (P<0.001). Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that AoAC progression was an independent predictor for all-cause (HR: 2.625, 95% CI: 1.150-5.991, P = 0.022) and cardiovascular mortality (HR: 4.008, 95% CI: 1.079-14.890, P = 0.038) in patients with AoAC at baseline. Conclusions: The presence and progression of AoAC assessed by chest X-ray were independently associated with unfavorable outcomes in incident PD patients. Regular follow-up by chest X-ray could be a simple and useful method to stratify mortality risk in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere48793
JournalPloS one
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 7

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Lee, M. J., Shin, D. H., Kim, S. J., Oh, H. J., Yoo, D. E., Ko, K. I., Koo, H. M., Kim, C. H., Doh, F. M., Park, J. T., Han, S. H., Yoo, T. H., Choi, K. H., & Kang, S. W. (2012). Progression of Aortic Arch Calcification Over 1 Year Is an Independent Predictor of Mortality in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Patients. PloS one, 7(11), [e48793]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048793