Background: Although sexual function is a quality of life aspect that is markedly affected in males with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), this topic has not attracted much attention and research on this matter is lacking. In this study, we investigated longitudinal changes in the erectile function of men with COPD in order to identify latent groups and influencing factors. Methods: A total of 185 men with COPD from the Korean Obstructive Lung Disease study, which was conducted from 2005 to 2013, were analyzed in this study. Data on their erectile function, based on the International Index of Erectile Function-5, were collected over a period of 4 years. Growth mixture modeling and logistic regression analysis were used to determine the factors predicting distinct erectile function changes over time. Results: Overall, subjects' erectile function slightly improved in the first year and then gradually worsened over time. Using growth mixture modeling, we identified four distinct latent groups, which we labeled as follows: "consistently maintained normal erectile function" (9.7%), "rapidly worsened and then rapidly improved" (9.2%), "gradually improved in the early stage and then gradually worsened" (36.8%), and "consistently maintained poor erectile function" (44.3%). Progression of erectile function was significantly associated with age, economic status, and self-rated health status. Conclusions: This suggests that comprehensive patient care involving the management of COPD as well as erectile dysfunction in patients with chronic respiratory disease is important from a prophylactic perspective and should be developed in accordance with the characteristics of the disease process.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Science and ICT) (NRF-2017R1C1B5016907). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine