Vertebroplasty using polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) for augmentation is accepted as a safe and effective treatment for vertebral compression fracture. However, various complications related to PMMA vertebroplasty have recently been reported. We experienced three cases with progressive collapse of PMMA-augmented vertebra. Collapse progressed after augmentation in cases where PMMA conglomerated without contiguous bone interdigitation. A high viscosity of the PMMA preparation and vertebral body cavitory lesion may play a role in progressive vertebral collapse. To avoid this complication, bone cement should be injected sufficiently and permeate to contiguous bone to create strong support and anchorage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology