Prolongation and enhancement of the anti-apoptotic effects of PTD-Hsp27 fusion proteins using an injectable thermo-reversible gel in a rat myocardial infarction model

Young Wook Won, Jang Kyung Kim, Min Ji Cha, Ki Chul Hwang, Donghoon Choi, Yong Hee Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ischemic heart disease has emerged as a leading cause of death worldwide. Conventional surgery-based therapy for this disease, especially myocardial infarction, requires additional pharmaceutical agents using heart's endogenous protective mechanism to suppress the progress and recurrence of the disease. Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) has been considered to be a potentially therapeutic protein for the treatment of ischemic heart disease due to its anti-apoptotic and protective effects on cardiomyocytes under stressful conditions. Despite the potency of Hsp27, low transduction efficiency, protein instability, and a short half-life in the body have limited its in vivo applications. Protein transduction domains (PTD) were recombinantly fused with Hsp27 to enhance transduction efficiency. Although the intracellular delivery of the PTD-Hsp27 fusion proteins was significantly enhanced compared with Hsp27, the instability and short half-life of the PTD-Hsp27 fusion proteins still need to be improved for in vivo applications. Injectable thermo-reversible gel system was developed and found to be effective in stabilizing and retarding the release of the PTD-Hsp27 fusion proteins both in vitro and in vivo. PTD-Hsp27-loaded thermo-reversible gels were locally administered to the heart muscle in a ligation/reperfused rat myocardial infarction model and the long-term therapeutic efficacy was observed by measuring the inhibition of apoptosis and the area of fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-189
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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