Promoter Methylation Down-regulates B-cell Translocation Gene 1 Expression in Breast Carcinoma

Ha Young Woo, Sung Im Do, Se Hoon Kim, Sang Yong Song, Hyun Soo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Aim: The mechanism responsible for B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) down-regulation in breast carcinoma remains unknown. We examined the BTG1 expression status in breast carcinoma cells and investigated the mechanism underlying the observed alterations. Materials and Methods: Four breast carcinoma cell lines (SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, T-47D, and MCF-7), and one normal mammary epithelial cell line (MCF-10A) were analyzed. BTG1 expression was examined using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot. Methylation status of the BTG1 promoter was analyzed using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). To investigate the effect of methylation on BTG1, the cells were treated with a demethylating agent. Results: The carcinoma cells expressed significantly lower levels of BTG1 mRNA and protein than normal cells. The BTG1 promoter was highly methylated in the carcinoma cells. 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine significantly restored BTG1 expression. Conclusion: Down-regulation of BTG1 expression through epigenetic repression is involved in mammary carcinogenesis. BTG1 is a potential diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for breast carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5361-5367
Number of pages7
JournalAnticancer research
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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