Polycrystalline Si1-xGex films have been suggested as a promising alternative to the currently employed polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) gate electrode for complementary metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor technology due to lower resistivity, less boron penetration, and less gate depletion effect than that of poly-Si gates. We investigated the formation of poly-Si1-xGex films by using ultrahigh vacuum chemical vapor deposition CVD with Si2H6 and GeH4 gases, and studied their physical properties as well as electrical characteristics. The deposition rate and Ge content of poly-Si1-xGex films increased linearly with the flux of GeH4 up to a critical GeH4 flux, while, above this critical flux, it is slightly changed. The resistivity of poly-Si1-xGex films decreased as the Ge content increased, and was about one-half of that of poly-Si films at a Ge content of 45%. The capacitance-voltage measurements of metal oxide semiconductor capacitor structures with WSix/poly-Si1-xGex gates demonstrated that the flatband voltage of the poly-Si0.55Ge0.45 films was lower than that of poly Si films by 0.2 V. In addition, the changes of flatband voltage with the dosage of boron and the sudden decrease of accumulation capacitance in the WSix/poly Si0.55Ge0.45 gate structure were investigated. Leakage current levels increased slightly due to the difference in VFB with the increase of Ge content in poly Si1-xGex films.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry