Silver polymer electrolyte membranes consisting of AgBF4 or AgCF3SO3 dissolved in poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (POZ) or poly(N-vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) have previously shown outstanding separation performance for propylene/propane mixtures. The ideal separation factor (i.e. pure gas selectivity) of propylene over propane reached 15,000, but the actual selectivity (i.e. mixed gas selectivity) was approximately 50. In this study, the origin of large difference between pure and mixed gas selectivities has been elucidated in terms of membrane plasticization by propylene molecules. The membrane plasticization was confirmed by the decrease of selectivity with increasing propylene concentration in the feed, resulting from the increase of both propylene and propane permeances. The decrease of glass transition temperature (Tg) in silver polymer electrolytes upon the sorption of propylene also supported the membrane plasticization, determined by in situ high-pressure differential scanning calorimetry (HPDSC). Further analysis of configuration entropy model revealed that the interaction of propylene/silver ion in POZ/AgBF4 was approximately 2-fold stronger than that in POZ/AgCF3SO3, which is in good agreement with the results of propylene solubility and FT-IR spectra.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Energy Technology R&D program (2006-E-ID11-P-13) under the Ministry of Knowledge Economics of Korea. JH Kim acknowledges the financial support of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. R11-2007-050-04003-0) and Pioneer Research Program.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)