The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of endodontic microsurgery by comparing the healing success of cases having a lesion of endodontic origin compared with cases having a lesion of combined endodontic-periodontal origin. Data were collected from patients in the Department of Conservative Dentistry, Dental College, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea between March 2001 and June 2005. A total number of 263 teeth from 227 patients requiring periradicular surgery were included in this study. Patients were recalled every 6 months for 2 years and every year thereafter to assess clinical and radiographic signs of healing. A recall rate of 73% (192 of 263 patients) was obtained. The successful outcome for isolated endodontic lesions was 95.2%. In endodontic-periodontal combined lesions, successful outcome was 77.5%, suggesting that lesion type (ABC vs DEF) had a strong effect on tissue and bone healing.
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