The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical impacts of ampicillin-susceptible but penicillin-resistant (ASPR) phenotypes of Enterococcus faecalis on clinical outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection (BSI). A total of 295 patients with an E. faecalis BSI from six sentinel hospitals during a 2-year period (from May 2016 to April 2018) were enrolled in this study. Putative risk factors, including host-, treatment-, and pathogen-related variables, were assessed to determine the associations with the 30-day mortality rate of patients with an E. faecalis BSI. The proportion of ASPR E. faecalis isolates was 22.7% (67/295). ASPR isolates (adjusted odds ratio, 2.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 5.02) exhibited a significant association with an increased 30-day mortality rate, and a significant difference in survival was identified in a group of patients treated with ampicillin- and/or piperacillin-based regimens who were stratified according to the penicillin susceptibility of the causative pathogen (P 0.011 by a log rank test). ASPR E. faecalis BSIs resulted in a 2-fold-higher 30-day mortality rate (26.9%; 18/67) than for the BSIs caused by penicillin-susceptible strains (12.3%; 28/228). The differences in mortality rates of patients stratified by penicillin susceptibility were likely due to the treatment failures of ampicillin and/or piperacillin in patients with an ASPR E. faecalis BSI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases