Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of renal injury after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Recently, green tea polyphenols (GTP) have been found to protect the myocardium and liver against I/R injury. Less attention, however, has been paid to the protective effects of GTP with respect to the kidneys. This study was designed to determine whether GTP could protect renal cells from ischemic injury. The rabbits were divided into three groups of equal size: control (sham-operated), I/R + vehicle (normal saline) and I/R + GTP groups. Each group consisted of six rabbits. Animals underwent 30, 60, 90 and 120 min of ischemia, followed by 24 h of reperfusion, respectively. GTP (200 μg/kg) or the vehicle was administered 45 min prior to commencement of I/R. The results demonstrated that GTP administration resulted in a significant (P < 0.05) reduction of renal damage after 90 min of ischemia, as indicated by the decreased levels of creatinine and urea nitrogen in serum. These results were confirmed by histological examinations, which showed that GTP pretreatment inhibited necrosis and sloughing of the proximal tubules induced by I/R. Examinations also showed decreased necrotic areas in the medulla and decreased glomerular collapse in the I/R-injured rabbits. Moreover, the infiltration of CD8+ T cells was considerably decreased in GTP-treated kidneys. The results of this study suggest that GTP can reduce renal injury by preventing the oxidative stress dependent on I/R and may be used in renal transplantation as an antioxidant.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry