Protective effect of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α activation against cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury is related to upregulation of uncoupling protein-3

Jong Wook Song, Hyo Jung Kim, Hyelin Lee, Jae Woo Kim, Young Lan Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) confers cardioprotection, while its mechanism remains elusive. We investigated the protective effect of PPARα activation against cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury in terms of the expression of uncoupling protein (UCP). Myocardial infarct size and UCP expression were measured in rats treated with WY-14643 20 mg/kg, a PPARα ligand, or vehicle. WY-14643 increased UCP3 expression in vivo. Myocardial infarct size was decreased in the WY-14643 group (76 ± 8% versus 42 ± 12%, P<0.05). During reperfusion, the incidence of arrhythmia was higher in the control group compared with the WY-14643 group (9/10 versus 3/10, P<0.05). H9c2 cells were incubated for 24 h with WY-14643 or vehicle. WY-14643 increased UCP3 expression in H9c2 cells. WY-14643 decreased hypoxia-stimulated ROS production. Cells treated with WY-14643 were more resistant to hypoxia-reoxygenation than the untreated cells. Knocking-down UCP3 by siRNA prevented WY-14643 from attenuating the production of ROS. UCP3 siRNA abolished the effect of WY-14643 on cell viability against hypoxia-reoxygenation. In summary, administration of PPARα agonist WY-14643 mitigated the extent of myocardial infarction and incidence of reperfusion-induced arrhythmia. PPARα activation conferred cytoprotective effect against hypoxia-reoxygenation. Associated mechanisms involved increased UCP3 expression and resultant attenuation of ROS production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3539649
JournalOxidative medicine and cellular longevity
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology

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