BACKGROUND/AIMS: The reactive oxygen species from thioacetamide (TAA) induces rat liver cirrhosis that resembles the human disease, and it can serve as a suitable animal model for studying human liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular protein signatures via a proteomics approach with using a rat model with TAA-induced liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were treated with 0.3 g/L TAA in their drinking water. The animals were then sacrificed at 9 and 30 weeks after TAA administration. The development of liver cirrhosis was observed with histological study. The livers were processed for proteins extraction and the proteins were analyzed by 2-dimensional electrophoresis. The proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionizing time-of-flight mass spectrometry and this was validated by immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: On the proteomics analysis of the liver tissues, a total of 88 proteins showed significant change in their expression between the controls and the cirrhotic rats. When the proteins were categorized by their function, they included ECM/cellular skeleton, cell proliferation/death signal, metabolism, DNA damage/stress and immune response related proteins. The level of expression gradually increased up to 30 weeks for interleukin-6 (IL-6) precursor, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) induced protein, TIMP-1 and MMP-9. Cytochrome P450 2B, which is required for the metabolic activation of TAA, also showed the same increasing pattern. In contrast, the expression level of the proteins did not show a significant change at 9 weeks, but this increased to 3-fold at 30 weeks for carbonic anhydrase VII, ras related protein Rab 6, Annexin A2, neurofibromatosis type 2 and aldehyde dehydrogenase. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that there is a repertoire of proteins during the development of liver cirrhosis via TAA. In this model, IL-6, TGF-beta, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were reconfirmed as the molecular signatures during the development of TAA-induced liver cirrhosis.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||The Korean journal of hepatology|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Jan 1|
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