Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of urine protein to creatinine ratio (uPCR) in relation to the cardiovascular risk associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) progression in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and normoalbuminuria. Methods: In this retrospective longitudinal study on T2D, we recruited 927 participants with normoalbuminuria (urine albumin to creatinine ratio [uACR] < 30 mg/g) whose cIMT was measured at baseline and after at least 1 year, and whose initial uPCR and uACR data were available. Results: Higher initial uPCR was positively correlated with a greater increment in maximal cIMT (β = 0.074, p = 0.028), and this correlation was significant even after adjusting for multiple confounding factors (β = 0.074, p = 0.046). High baseline uPCR was an independent predictive factor for the increased risk of maximal cIMT progression in a simple logistic regression model (OR, 1.41; 95% CI, [1.08–1.86]; p = 0.013). Even after adjusting for several confounding variables, higher uPCR was significantly associated with a higher risk of cIMT progression (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, [1.08–2.03]; p = 0.014). Conclusions: These results suggest that high uPCR may be a useful predictive marker for the progression of carotid artery atherosclerosis, even in subjects with T2D and without albuminuria.
|Journal||Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Nov|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors received no funding from an external source.
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism