Intestinal Behçet’s disease (BD) and Crohn’s disease (CD) present similar manifestations, but there are no specific diagnostic tests to differentiate them. We used a proteomic approach to discover novel diagnostic biomarkers specific to intestinal BD. Colon mucosa tissue samples were obtained from patients with intestinal BD or CD using colonoscopy-guided biopsy of the affected bowel. Peptides from seven intestinal BD and seven CD patients were extracted and labeled using tandem mass tag (TMT) reagents. The labeled peptides were identified and quantified using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). The proteins were further validated using immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis with tissue samples and an ELISA test with serum samples from 20 intestinal BD and 20 CD patients. Using TMT/LC–MS/MS-based proteomic quantification, we identified 39 proteins differentially expressed between intestinal BD and CD. Beta-2 glycoprotein 1 (APOH) and maltase-glucoamylase (MGAM) showed higher intensity in the IHC staining of intestinal BD tissues than in CD tissues. The serum MGAM level was higher in intestinal BD patients. Proteomic analysis revealed that some proteins were differentially expressed in patients with intestinal BD compared with those with CD. Differential MGAM expression in intestinal BD suggests its role as a potential novel diagnostic biomarker.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Bio & Medical Technology Development Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2017M3A9F3041229 to J.-H.R.) and by a Grant from the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI18C0094 to J.H.C.).
© 2021, The Author(s).
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