Proton-conducting composite membranes derived from sulfonated hydrocarbon and inorganic materials

Jae Hyuk Chang, Jong Hyeok Park, Gu Gon Park, Chang Soo Kim, O. Ok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Composite polymer membranes are prepared by embedding layered silicates such as Laponite and Montmorillonite (MMT) into sulfonated poly(ether ehter ketone) (sPEEK) membranes for fuel-cell applications. Sulfonation of the polymer increased membrane hydrophilicity to give good proton conductivity. Layered silicates incorporated into polymer membranes help to reduce swelling significantly in hot water; they also help to decrease methanol permeability. These polymer/clay composite membranes show thermal stability to 240°C and (3-3.5) × 10-3 Scm-1 proton conductivity at room temperature. In addition, methanol cross-over is reduced without a serious reduction in the proton conductivity. In a single-cell test using hydrogen and oxygen, the prepared membranes give current densities that are between 70 and 80% of those with Nafion 115 membranes. As a result, for polymer electrolytes, sPEEK/clay composite membranes offer a low-cost alternative to perfluorinated membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-25
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume124
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Oct 1

Fingerprint

inorganic materials
Composite membranes
Hydrocarbons
Protons
hydrocarbons
membranes
Membranes
conduction
composite materials
Polymers
protons
Proton conductivity
Silicates
polymers
Ketones
Ether
Methanol
Ethers
Clay
ketones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Chang, Jae Hyuk ; Park, Jong Hyeok ; Park, Gu Gon ; Kim, Chang Soo ; Park, O. Ok. / Proton-conducting composite membranes derived from sulfonated hydrocarbon and inorganic materials. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2003 ; Vol. 124, No. 1. pp. 18-25.
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abstract = "Composite polymer membranes are prepared by embedding layered silicates such as Laponite and Montmorillonite (MMT) into sulfonated poly(ether ehter ketone) (sPEEK) membranes for fuel-cell applications. Sulfonation of the polymer increased membrane hydrophilicity to give good proton conductivity. Layered silicates incorporated into polymer membranes help to reduce swelling significantly in hot water; they also help to decrease methanol permeability. These polymer/clay composite membranes show thermal stability to 240°C and (3-3.5) × 10-3 Scm-1 proton conductivity at room temperature. In addition, methanol cross-over is reduced without a serious reduction in the proton conductivity. In a single-cell test using hydrogen and oxygen, the prepared membranes give current densities that are between 70 and 80{\%} of those with Nafion 115 membranes. As a result, for polymer electrolytes, sPEEK/clay composite membranes offer a low-cost alternative to perfluorinated membranes.",
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Proton-conducting composite membranes derived from sulfonated hydrocarbon and inorganic materials. / Chang, Jae Hyuk; Park, Jong Hyeok; Park, Gu Gon; Kim, Chang Soo; Park, O. Ok.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 124, No. 1, 01.10.2003, p. 18-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Proton-conducting composite membranes derived from sulfonated hydrocarbon and inorganic materials

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AU - Kim, Chang Soo

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AB - Composite polymer membranes are prepared by embedding layered silicates such as Laponite and Montmorillonite (MMT) into sulfonated poly(ether ehter ketone) (sPEEK) membranes for fuel-cell applications. Sulfonation of the polymer increased membrane hydrophilicity to give good proton conductivity. Layered silicates incorporated into polymer membranes help to reduce swelling significantly in hot water; they also help to decrease methanol permeability. These polymer/clay composite membranes show thermal stability to 240°C and (3-3.5) × 10-3 Scm-1 proton conductivity at room temperature. In addition, methanol cross-over is reduced without a serious reduction in the proton conductivity. In a single-cell test using hydrogen and oxygen, the prepared membranes give current densities that are between 70 and 80% of those with Nafion 115 membranes. As a result, for polymer electrolytes, sPEEK/clay composite membranes offer a low-cost alternative to perfluorinated membranes.

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