The c-axis intrinsic tunneling properties of Bi2212 and HgBr2-Bi2212 single crystals have been measured in the temperature range 4.2-250 K. The 7-15-unit-cell-high mesa structures on the surfaces of these single crystals were investigated. Clear superconductor-insulator-superconductor like tunneling curves were observed for current applied in the c-axis direction. The dynamic conductance shows both sharp peaks at the superconducting energy gap (SG), followed by dips and wide maxima at larger voltages. The maxima together with depressed conductance at zero voltage persist in the whole temperature range, illustrating the presence of the pseudogap in the quasiparticle excitation spectra, while the SG peaks decrease in voltage and lose their distinctiveness at T → Tc. The intercalation of Bi2212 with HgBr2 molecules results in a drastic increase of the c-axis lattice constant and resistivity ρc. Despite this, the overall shape of the ρc(T)-d ependence and the characteristic temperature T* at which an upturn in the ρc(T)-dependence sets in upon cooling do not change. This implies that T* is not affected by coupling between the CuO2 bilayers.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Support by the Swedish Superconductivity Consortium and the Swedish Research Council for Engineering Sciences (TFR) is greatly appreciated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering