Psychiatric symptoms and substance use among juvenile offenders: A latent profile investigation

Michael George Vaughn, Stacey Freedenthal, Jeffrey M. Jenson, Matthew O. Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The high rate of co-occurring mental health and substance abuse problems among antisocial and delinquent youth is a widely recognized problem in the juvenile justice system. Yet few studies have delineated meaningful clinical distinctions in the characteristics of offenders with co-occurring problems. Latent profile analysis was used to identify subgroups of juvenile offenders based on clinically relevant measures of psychiatric symptoms (including past traumatic experiences), lifetime substance use, and drug- and alcohol-related problems stemming from the use of psychoactive substances in a statewide population (n = 723). Findings revealed that a four-class solution fit the data optimally. The four classes identified represented a severity-based gradient of symptom and substance use endorsement ranging from a mild subgroup (n = 195; 27.0%), to moderately low ( n = 250; 34.6%) and high (n = 197; 27.2%) subgroups, and finally, a severely distressed subgroup (n = 81; 11.2%). Implications for identifying and treating young offenders with co-occurring mental health and substance abuse problems are noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1296-1312
Number of pages17
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Volume34
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct 1

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juvenile offender
Psychiatry
Substance-Related Disorders
Mental Health
substance abuse
Social Justice
offender
mental health
Alcohols
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Population
justice
alcohol
drug
experience

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law

Cite this

Vaughn, Michael George ; Freedenthal, Stacey ; Jenson, Jeffrey M. ; Howard, Matthew O. / Psychiatric symptoms and substance use among juvenile offenders : A latent profile investigation. In: Criminal Justice and Behavior. 2007 ; Vol. 34, No. 10. pp. 1296-1312.
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Psychiatric symptoms and substance use among juvenile offenders : A latent profile investigation. / Vaughn, Michael George; Freedenthal, Stacey; Jenson, Jeffrey M.; Howard, Matthew O.

In: Criminal Justice and Behavior, Vol. 34, No. 10, 01.10.2007, p. 1296-1312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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