Background: The summary of diabetes self-care activities (SDSCA) questionnaire is one of the most widely used self-report instruments for measuring diabetes self-management in adults. Objectives: This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of a Korean version of the SDSCA questionnaire. Methods: The 11-item English version of the SDSCA was translated into Korean following the standard translation methodology. The questionnaire was administered to 208 patients with type 2 diabetes. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) were carried out for construct validity. Content validity index (CVI), internal consistency and a diabetes management self-efficacy scale (DMSES) were assessed. Results: The CVI of a Korean version of the SDSCA was .83. The EFA yielded a 9-item measure with a four factor solution with the same labels for original scales. The results of CFA showed the goodness of fit in the 9-item Korean SDSCA version (SDSCA-K). The internal consistency of SDSCA-K was moderate (Cronbach's α= .69) and the positive correlation between the SDSCA-K and the DMSES was identified. Conclusion: The current study provides the initial psychometric properties of SDSCA-K modified to 9 items and supports SDSCA-K as a reliable and valid measure of diabetes self-management in Korean patients.
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