Psychotic experiences in the context of depression: The cumulative role of victimization

Boyoung Nam, Matthew Hilimire, Jason Schiffman, Jordan DeVylder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies have reported an association between depression and psychotic experiences, but little is known about what drives this co-occurrence. This study tests the hypothesis that exposure to trauma and bullying may strengthen the relation between depression and psychotic experiences. A total of 799 college students completed self-report questionnaires on psychotic experiences, depression, bullying, and sexual trauma. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were conducted to test the direct relationship between depression and psychotic experiences, as well as interactions. Approximately 20% of respondents reported a history of being bullied, and 7% reported exposure to childhood sexual trauma. There was a significant direct relationship between depression and psychotic experiences. The association between depression and psychotic experiences was significantly stronger among respondents who were victims of both bullying and sexual violence compared to those who experienced either exposure alone, or who were not exposed to either form of victimization. These findings suggest that cumulative exposure to trauma and victimization may contribute to the co-occurrence of depression and psychotic experiences. History of victimization should be assessed among individuals with depressive symptoms to improve treatment plans and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-140
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume82
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

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Crime Victims
Depression
Bullying
Wounds and Injuries
Sex Offenses
Self Report
Linear Models
Regression Analysis
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Nam, Boyoung ; Hilimire, Matthew ; Schiffman, Jason ; DeVylder, Jordan. / Psychotic experiences in the context of depression : The cumulative role of victimization. In: Journal of Psychiatric Research. 2016 ; Vol. 82. pp. 136-140.
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Psychotic experiences in the context of depression : The cumulative role of victimization. / Nam, Boyoung; Hilimire, Matthew; Schiffman, Jason; DeVylder, Jordan.

In: Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol. 82, 01.11.2016, p. 136-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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