We report the electrostatic decoration of Pt nanoparticles on SnO 2 nanotubes (ST) directly prepared on a conducting substrate and high electrocatalytic activities of the resulting materials. A pre-coating of poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) is the key for the direct uniform deposition of the ST, which serves dual functions as a fast electron transport path as well as a physical support for Pt nanoparticles. The self-assembly of Pt nanoparticles on the ST is based on electrostatic interaction between the Pt cations and negatively charged ST surface. A dip-coating method leads to homogeneous decoration of well-connected Pt nanoparticles with a larger surface area. Solar energy conversion devices with a solid polymer electrolyte are fabricated using Pt on ST as the electrocatalyst for the reduction of I 3 − to I − . The Pt dip-coated ST shows a photovoltaic efficiency of 5.07%, which is higher than those of Pt spin-coated ST (4.88%) and Pt spin-coated on the substrate without ST (4.59%). An increase in the Pt concentration leads to further improvement in the efficiency up to 5.51%, which is a moderate value for solid electrolyte devices. The improved performance is attributed to the decreased electron transfer resistance and increased surface area of the electrode.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (Center for Advanced Meta-Materials (CAMM) (NRF-2014M3A6B3063716), NRF-2017R1A4A1014569, NRF-2017R1D1A1B06028030). Appendix A
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films