PTK6 (also known as Brk) is a non-receptor-tyrosine kinase containing SH3, SH2, and catalytic domains, that is expressed in more than 60% of breast carcinomas but not in normal mammary tissues. To analyze PTK6-interacting proteins, we have expressed Flag-tagged PTK6 in HEK293 cells and performed co-immunoprecipitation assays with Flag antibody-conjugated agarose. A 164-kDa protein in the precipitated fraction was identified as ARAP1 (also known as centaurin δ-2) by MALDITOF mass analysis. ARAP1 associated with PTK6 in an EGF/EGF receptor (EGFR)-dependent manner. In addition, the SH2 domain of PTK6, particularly the Arg105 residue that contacts the phosphate group of the tyrosine residue, was essential for the association. Moreover, PTK6 phosphorylated residue Tyr231 in the N-terminal domain of ARAP1. Expression of ARAP1, but not of the Y231F mutant, inhibited the down-regulation of EGFR in HEK293 cells expressing PTK6. Silencing of endogenous PTK6 expression in breast carcinoma cells decreased EGFR levels. These results demonstrate that PTK6 enhances EGFR signaling by inhibition of EGFR down-regulation through phosphorylation of ARAP1 in breast cancer cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology