Recently, antibody fragments have been studied as therapeutic agents because they lack Fc effector function while having affinity similar to their original monoclonal antibody and can be produced using E. coli. Antibody fragments can be purified using affinity chromatography in the capture step, although they need a polishing step because of product-related impurities, mainly charge variants. Unlike monoclonal antibodies, few studies exist regarding the separation of charge variants in antibody variants. In this study, an efficient separation of charge variant method was assessed using a cation exchange chromatography resin with salt and a pH gradient. The SP ImpRes resin and pH gradient exhibited the most effective separation potency using combinations of resin and the separation method. The antibody fragment that did not undergo the charge variant separation process exhibited a difference in the tertiary structure of the protein and in vivo pharmacokinetics. However, the antibody fragment was similar to the reference protein when the charge variant separation process was performed. These results are expected to support efficient charge variant separation of antibody fragments and to be applied to the industrial production of therapeutic antibody fragments.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Mar 30|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology